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Thomas Müller


HTTP::Exception - throw HTTP-Errors as (Exception::Class-) Exceptions




HTTP::Exception lets you throw HTTP-Errors as Exceptions.

    use HTTP::Exception;

    # throw a 404 Exception

    # later in your framework
    eval { ... };
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception->caught) {
        # do some errorhandling stuff
        print $e->code;             # 404
        print $e->status_message;   # Not Found

You can also throw HTTP::Exception-subclasses like this.

    # same 404 Exception
    eval { HTTP::Exception::404->throw(); };
    eval { HTTP::Exception::NOT_FOUND->throw(); };

And catch them accordingly.

    # same 404 Exception
    eval { HTTP::Exception::404->throw(); };

    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception::405->caught)       { do stuff } # won't catch
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception::404->caught)       { do stuff } # will catch
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception::NOT_FOUND->caught) { do stuff } # will catch
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception::4XX->caught)       { do stuff } # will catch all 4XX Exceptions
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception->caught)            { do stuff } # will catch every HTTP::Exception
    if (my $e = Exception::Class->caught)           { do stuff } # catch'em all

You can create Exceptions and not throw them, because maybe you want to set some fields manually. See "FIELDS" in HTTP::Exception and "ACCESSORS" in HTTP::Exception for more info.

    # is not thrown, ie doesn't die, only created
    my $e = HTTP::Exception->new(404);

    # usual stuff works
    $e->code;               # 404
    $e->status_message      # Not Found

    # set status_message to something else
    $e->status_message('Nothing Here')

    # fails, because code is only an accessor, see section ACCESSORS below
    # $e->code(403);

    # and finally throw our prepared exception


Every HTTP::Exception is a Exception::Class - Class. So the same mechanisms apply as with Exception::Class-classes. In fact have a look at Exception::Class' docs for more general information on exceptions and Exception::Class::Base for information on what methods a caught exception also has.

HTTP::Exception is only a factory for HTTP::Exception::XXX (where X is a number) subclasses. That means that HTTP::Exception->new(404) returns a HTTP::Exception::404 object, which in turn is a HTTP::Exception::Base - Object.

Don't bother checking a caught HTTP::Exception::...-class with "isa" as it might not contain what you would expect. Use the code- or status_message-attributes and the is_ -methods instead.

The subclasses are created at compile-time, ie the first time you make "use HTTP::Exception". See paragraph below for the naming scheme of those subclasses.

Subclassing the subclasses works as expected.



X is a Number and XXX is a valid HTTP-Statuscode. All HTTP-Statuscodes are supported. See chapter "COMPLETENESS" in HTTP::Exception


STATUS_MESSAGE is the same name as a HTTP::Status Constant WITHOUT the HTTP_ at the beginning. So see "CONSTANTS" in HTTP::Status for more details.


It is possible to load only specific ranges of errors. For example

    use HTTP::Exception qw(5XX);

    HTTP::Exception::500->throw; # works
    HTTP::Exception::400->throw; # won't work anymore

will only create HTTP::Exception::500 till HTTP::Exception::510. In theory this should save some memory, but I don't have any numbers, that back up this claim.

You can load multiple ranges

    use HTTP::Exception qw(3XX 4XX 5XX);

And there are aliases for ranges

    use HTTP::Exception qw(CLIENT_ERROR)

The following aliases exist and load the specified ranges:

    ERROR         => 4XX 5XX
    ALL           => 1XX 2XX 3XX 4XX 5XX

And of course, you can load multiple aliased ranges

    use HTTP::Exception qw(REDIRECTION ERROR)

ALL is the same as not specifying any specific range.

    # the same
    use HTTP::Exception qw(ALL);
    use HTTP::Exception;



A valid HTTP-Statuscode. See HTTP::Status for information on what codes exist.


Return TRUE if $self-code> is an Informational status code (1xx). This class of status code indicates a provisional response which can't have any content.


Return TRUE if $self-code> is a Successful status code (2xx).


Return TRUE if $self-code> is a Redirection status code (3xx). This class if status code indicates that further action needs to be taken by the user agent in order to fulfill the request.


Return TRUE if $self-code> is an Error status code (4xx or 5xx). The function return TRUE for both client error or a server error status codes.


Return TRUE if $self-code> is an Client Error status code (4xx). This class of status code is intended for cases in which the client seems to have erred.


Return TRUE if $self-code> is an Server Error status code (5xx). This class of status codes is intended for cases in which the server is aware that it has erred or is incapable of performing the request.

POD for is_ methods is Copy/Pasted from HTTP::Status, so check back there and alert me of changes.


Fields are the same as ACCESSORS except they can be set. Either you set them during Exception creation (->new) or Exception throwing (->throw).

    HTTP::Exception->new(200, status_message => "Everything's fine");
    HTTP::Exception::200->new(status_message => "Everything's fine");
    HTTP::Exception::OK->new(status_message => "Everything's fine");

    HTTP::Exception->throw(200, status_message => "Everything's fine");
    HTTP::Exception::200->throw(status_message => "Everything's fine");
    HTTP::Exception::OK->throw(status_message => "Everything's fine");

Catch them in your Webframework like this

    eval { ... }
    if (my $e = HTTP::Exception->caught) {
        print $e->code;          # 200
        print $e->status_message # "Everything's fine" instead of the usual ok


DEFAULT The HTTP-Statusmessage as provided by HTTP::Status

A Message, that represents the Execptions' Status for Humans.


HTTP::Exception can be used with Plack::Middleware::HTTPExceptions. But HTTP::Exception does not depend on Plack, you can use it anywhere else. It just plays nicely with Plack.


For the sake of completeness, HTTP::Exception provides exceptions for non-error-http-statuscodes. This means you can do


which throws an Exception of type OK. Maybe useless, but complete. A more realworld-example would be a redirection

    # all are exactly the same
    HTTP::Exception->throw(301, location => 'google.com');
    HTTP::Exception::301->throw(location => 'google.com');
    HTTP::Exception::MOVED_PERMANENTLY->throw(location => 'google.com');


The HTTP::Exception-Subclass-Creation relies on HTTP::Status. It's possible that the Subclasses change, when HTTP::Status' constants are changed.

New Subclasses are created automatically, when constants are added to HTTP::Status. That means in turn, that Subclasses disappear, when constants are removed from HTTP::Status.

Some constants were added to HTTP::Status' in February 2012. As a result HTTP::Exception broke. But that was the result of uncareful coding on my side. I think, that breaking changes are now quite unlikely.


Thomas Mueller, <tmueller at cpan.org>


Exception::Class, Exception::Class::Base

Consult Exception::Class' documentation for the Exception-Mechanism and Exception::Class::Base' docs for a list of methods our caught Exception is also capable of.


Constants, Statuscodes and Statusmessages

Plack, especially Plack::Middleware::HTTPExceptions

Have a look at Plack, because it rules in general. In the first place, this Module was written as the companion for Plack::Middleware::HTTPExceptions, but since it doesn't depend on Plack, you can use it anywhere else, too.


Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-http-exception at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=HTTP-Exception. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.


You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc HTTP::Exception

You can also look for information at:


Copyright 2010 Thomas Mueller.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.