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Business::FedEx::DirectConnect - FedEx Ship Manager Direct Connect


        use Business::FedEx::DirectConnect;

        my $t = Business::FedEx::DirectConnect->new(uri=>''
                                        ,acc => '' #FedEx Account Number
                                        ,meter => '' #FedEx Meter Number (This is given after you subscribe to FedEx)
                                        ,referer => 'Vermonster' # Name or Company
                                        ,Debug => 1

        # 2016 is the UTI for FedEx.  If you don't know what this is
        # you need to read the FedEx Documentation.
        # The hash values are case insensitive.
            'sender_company' => 'Vermonster LLC',
            'sender_address_line_1' => '312 stuart st',
            'sender_city' => 'Boston',
            'sender_state' => 'MA',
            'sender_postal_code' => '02134',
            'recipient_contact_name' => 'Jay Powers',
            'recipient_address_line_1' => '44 Main street',
            'recipient_city' => 'Boston',
            'recipient_state' => 'Ma',
            'recipient_postal_code' => '02116',
            'recipient_phone_number' => '6173335555',
            'weight_units' => 'LBS',
            'sender_country_code' => 'US',
            'recipient_country' => 'US',
            'sender_phone_Number' => '6175556985',
            'packaging_type' => '01',
            'service_type' => '03',
            'total_package_weight' => '1.0',
            'label_type' => '1',
            'label_printer_type' => '1',
            'label_media_type' => '6',
            'drop_off_type' => '1'
        ) or die $t->errstr;

        $t->transaction() or die $t->errstr;

        print "Tracking# ". $t->lookup('tracking_number');



This module provides the necessary means to send transactions to FedEx's Ship Manager Direct API. Precautions have been taken to enforce FedEx's API guidelines to allow for all transaction types.

This module is an alternative to using the FedEx Ship Manager API ATOM product. Business::FedEx::DirectConnect will provide the same communication using LWP and Crypt::SSLeay.

The main advantage is you will no longer need to install the JRE dependant API provided by FedEx. Instead, data is POST(ed) directly to the FedEx transaction servers.

When using this module please keep in mind FedEx will occasionally change some of the transaction codes for their API. This should not break existing code, but it is a good idea to check out changes when possible. I document all the changes in a "Changes" log.


To submit a transaction to FedEx's Gateway server you must have a valid FedEx Account Number and a FedEx Meter Number (except for tracking transactions). To gain access and receive a Meter Number you must send a Subscribe() #3003 request to FedEx containing your FedEx account number and contact information. There is an example of this request below. FedEx has two API servers, one for live transactions and a beta server for testing. Per requests from FedEx I can no longer include the URIs to their test and beta servers. It is very important that you contact FedEx to register first before you use their APIs. FedEx will provide you with the information you need to get up and running. Also, Vermonster LLC provides a service to help you get setup, registered and certified with FedEx. Please contact us at if you need more information.

You will need to subscribe to each server you intend to use. FedEx will also require you to send a batch of defined data to their live server in order to become certified for live label creation.

This module uses LWP to POST request information so it is a requirement to have LWP installed. Also, you will need SSL encryption to access https URIs. I recommend installing Crypt::SSLeay Please refer to the FedEx documentation at Here you will find more information about using the FedEx API. You will need to know what UTI is needed to send your request.

Here is a sample Subscription Transaction

        1 => 'unique12345',
        4003 => 'John Doe',
        4008 => '123 Main St',
        4011 => 'Boston',
        4012 => 'MA',
        4013 => '02116',
        4014 => 'US',
        4015 => '6175551111',
    ) or die $t->errstr;

This call will return a FedEx Meter number so you can use the FedEx API. The meter number will be referenced in field 498. $t->lookup(498);


Sited from FedEx Documentation. See for more information.

"The Universal Transaction Identifier (UTI) is a unique integral code that has been assigned to a given transaction type. For example, the UTI of the tagged Transaction Type "021" (FedEx Express global Ship a Package Request) is 2016. UTIs are unique not just within the tagged transaction set, but across all transaction sets that have been or will be approved for transmission via the API.

The UTI accompanying a transaction indicates where it should be routed within the FedEx systems. The FedEx server recognizes the UTI passed and will direct the request to the correct business server."

Valid UTIs are listed below:

uti = request / reply Carrier Description

    1002 = 007 / 107 FDXG End-of-day close
    1005 = 023 / 123 FDXE FedEx Express Delete-A-Package
    2016 = 021 / 121 FDXE FedEx Express Ship-A-Package
    2017 = 022 / 122 FDXE Global Rate-A-Package
    2018 = 019 / 119 FDXE Service Availability
    2024 = 025 / 125 ALL Rate Available Services
    3000 = 021 / 121 FDXE FedEx Ground Ship-A-Package
    3001 = 023 / 123 FDXG FedEx Ground Delete-A-Package
    3003 = 211 / 311 ALL Subscription
    3004 = 022 / 122 FDXG Global Rate-A-Package
    5000 = 402 / 502 ALL Track By Number, Destination, Ship Date, and Reference
    5001 = 405 / 505 ALL Signature Proof of Delivery


The methods described in this section are available for all FedEx::DirectConnect objects.


The new method is the constructor. The input hash can inlude the following:

    uri     / URI to the FedEx Transaction Server
    acc     / The nine-digit FedEx account
    meter   / The FedEx meter login number (obtain after running a subscribe request)
    referer / Used to identify yourself to FedEx
    Debug   / 0 or 1, print out debug information
    timeout / Set a timeout for the LWP user agent (could also access the UA directly.
              see below)

The LWP UserAgent object is accessable and can be modified if nessessary:

    my $t = new Business::FedEx::DirectConnect(

$t->set_data(UTI, %hash)

This method will accept a valid FedEx UTI number and a hash of values. The first arg must be a valid UTI. Using these values set_data will construct and return a valid FedEx request string.

Assuming you pass a valid FedEx UTI this method will find the correct Transaction Number for you. You need not pass this in. Also no need to pass in your FedEx Account Number or Meter Number. You should pass these when creating a new Business::FedEx::DirectConnect object.

This method will allow you to use either the number field provided in the FedEx documentation or the hash (case insensitive) %FE_RE found in Business::FedEx::Constants. If the hash key you pass is not present in Business::FedEx::Constants you will be warned.

Here is a tracking example where 29 is the "tracking number" field FedEx has provided.

    $t->set_data(5000, 'tracking_number'=>'836603877972') or die $t->errstr;

is the same as

    $t->set_data(5000, 29 =>'836603877972') or die $t->errstr;

This method returns data set with $t->set_data. With no args it returns a reference to the underlying hash, otherwise it returns the corresponding values.


Check the required fields and return an array of missing fields if any. Currently, this function only does a simple check on most common fields. There are conditional fields that will be added later. For example, if the ship_date > today you will be required to pass a future_day_shipment flag. This function does not have this level of functionality yet.


Method to return the required fields for a given FedEx UTI.


Send transaction to FedEx. Optionally you can pass the full request string if you choose not to use the set_data method. Returns the full reply from FedEx.


This method will decode the binary image data from FedEx and save it to a file. If nothing is passed the binary data string will be returned. You can also pass an image key if binary data is stored in a different field. The default is 188 for FedEx labels. For example, if you wanted to access a COD buffer stream you would pass a 411. $t->label('COD.png', 411);


This method will return the value for an item returned from FedEx. Refer to the Business::FedEx::Constants %FE_RE hash to see all possible values.


Returns the decoded string portion of the FedEx reply.


Returns a hash of the FedEx reply values

    my $stuff= $t->hash_ret;

    foreach (keys %{$stuff}) {
        print $_. ' => ' . $stuff->{$_} . "\n";

Returns an error code and message

    $t->transaction() || die 'Error: '.$t->errstr();

Returns just an error code, useful for programatic handling of errors. Note that the return code is alphanumeric (and not just a number).

    if (!$t->transaction())
        if ($t->errcode() eq '0038') # 0038 is an invalid tracking number
            [..code relating to an invalid tracking number..]

The object provides a place for you to store a scalar. This method optionally sets it to the value you specify, and returns the old value.


Request Error: 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported

This will occur if your LWP does not support SSL (i.e. https). I suggest installing the Crypt::SSLeay module.


Build methods for each type of transaction so you don't need to know UTIs and other FedEx codes. FedEx Express Ship-A-Package UTI 2016 would be called via $object->FDXE_ship();

Build for multiple request. FedEx currently can only accept one transaction per request. I might try something with LWP::Parallel::UserAgent.

Better parsing for the FedEx return data.


Jay Powers, <>

Copyright (c) 2004 Jay Powers

Many thanks to Roderick from IBC for his help improving this module.

All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself

If you have any questions, comments or suggestions please feel free to contact me.


Crypt::SSLeay, LWP::UserAgent, Business::FedEx::Constants