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MIME::Types - Definition of MIME types


   is a Exporter


 use MIME::Types;
 my $mimetypes = MIME::Types->new;
 my MIME::Type $plaintext = $mimetypes->type('text/plain');
 my MIME::Type $imagegif  = $mimetypes->mimeTypeOf('gif');


MIME types are used in MIME compliant lines, for instance as part of e-mail and HTTP traffic, to indicate the type of content which is transmitted. Sometimes real knowledge about a mime-type is need.

This module maintains a set of MIME::Type objects, which each describe one known mime type. There are many types defined by RFCs and vendors, so the list is long but not complete. Please don't hestitate to ask to add additional information.




    Create a new MIME::Types object which manages the data. In the current implementation, it does not matter whether you create this object often within your program, but in the future this may change.

       Option         Defined in  Default
       only_complete              <false>

      . only_complete BOOLEAN

        Only include complete MIME type definitions: requires at least one known extension. This will reduce the number of entries --and with that the amount of memory consumed-- considerably.

        In your program you have to decide: the first time that you call the creator (new) determines whether you get the full or the partial information.


$obj->addType(TYPE, ...)

    Add one or more TYPEs to the set of known types. Each TYPE is a MIME::Type which must be experimental: either the main-type or the sub-type must start with x-.

    Please inform the maintainer of this module when registered types are missing. Before version MIME::Types version 1.14, a warning was produced when an unknown IANA type was added. This has been removed, because some people need that to get their application to work locally... broken applications...


    Returns a list of all defined extensions.


    Returns the MIME::Type object which belongs to the FILENAME (or simply its filename extension) or undef if the file type is unknown. The extension is used, and considered case-insensitive.

    In some cases, more than one type is known for a certain filename extension. In that case, one of the alternatives is chosen at random.

    Example: use of mimeTypeOf()

     my MIME::Types $types = MIME::Types->new;
     my MIME::Type  $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('gif');
     my MIME::Type  $mime = $types->mimeTypeOf('jpg');
     print $mime->isBinary;


    Return the MIME::Type which describes the type related to STRING. One type may be described more than once. Different extensions is use for this type, and different operating systems may cause more than one MIME::Type object to be defined. In scalar context, only the first is returned.


    Returns a list of all defined mime-types


See the Mime::Types website at for more details.


Module version 1.16. Written by Mark Overmeer ( See the ChangeLog for other contributors.

Copyright (c) 2001-2003 by the author(s). All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

1 POD Error

The following errors were encountered while parsing the POD:

Around line 69:

You forgot a '=back' before '=head2'