NAME

Sys::Filesystem - Retrieve list of filesystems and their properties

VERSION

$Revision: 1.14 $

SYNOPSIS

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use Sys::Filesystem ();
    
    # Method 1
    my $fs = new Sys::Filesystem;
    my @filesystems = $fs->filesystems();
    for (@filesystems) {
        printf("%s is a %s filesystem mounted on %s\n",
                          $fs->mount_point($_),
                          $fs->format($_),
                          $fs->device($_)
                   );
    }
    
    # Method 2
    my $weird_fs = Sys::Filesystem->new(
                          fstab => "/etc/weird/vfstab.conf",
                          mtab => "/etc/active_mounts",
                          xtab => "/etc/nfs/mounts"
                    );
    my @weird_filesystems = $weird_fs->filesystems();
    
    # Method 3 (nice but naughty)
    my @filesystems = Sys::Filesystem->filesystems();

DESCRIPTION

Sys::Filesystem is intended to be a portable interface to list and query filesystem names and their properties. At the time of writing there were only Solaris and Win32 modules available on CPAN to perform this kind of operation. This module hopes to provide a consistant API to list all, mounted, unmounted and special filesystems on a system, and query as many properties as possible with common aliases wherever possible.

METHODS

new()

Creates a new Sys::Filesystem object. new() accepts 3 optional key pair values to help or force where mount information is gathered from. These values are not otherwise defaulted by the main Sys::Filesystem object, but left to the platform specific helper modules to determine as an exercise of common sense.

fstab

Specify the full path and filename of the filesystem table (or fstab for short).

mtab

Specify the full path and filename of the mounted filesystem table (or mtab for short). Not all platforms have such a file and so this option may be ignored on some systems.

xtab

Specify the full path and filename of the mounted NFS filesystem table (or xtab for short). This is usually only pertinant to Unix bases systems. Not all helper modules will query NFS mounts as a seperate exercise, and therefore this option may be ignored on some systems.

Listing Filesystems

filesystems()

Returns a list of all filesystem. May accept an optional list of key pair values in order to filter/restrict the results which are returned. Valid values are as follows:

device => "string"

Returns only filesystems that are mounted using the device of "string". For example:

    my $fdd_filesytem = Sys::Filesystem->filesystems(device => "/dev/fd0");
mounted => 1

Returns only filesystems which can be confirmed as actively mounted. (Filesystems which are mounted).

The mounted_filesystems() method is an alias for this syntax.

unmounted => 1

Returns only filesystems which cannot be confirmed as actively mounted. (Filesystems which are not mounted).

The unmounted_filesystems() method is an alias for this syntax.

special => 1

Returns only filesystems which are regarded as special in some way. A filesystem is marked as special by the operating specific helper module. For example, a tmpfs type filesystem on one operating system might be regarded as a special filesystem, but not on others. Consult the documentation of the operating system specific helper module for further information about your system. (Sys::Filesystem::Linux for Linux or Sys::Filesystem::Solaris for Solaris etc).

The special_filesystems() method is an alias for this syntax.

regular => undef

Returns only fileystems which are not regarded as special. (Normal filesystems).

The regular_filesystems() method is an alias for this syntax.

mounted_filesystems()

Returns a list of all filesystems which can be verified as currently being mounted.

unmounted_filesystems()

Returns a list of all filesystems which cannot be verified as currently being mounted.

special_filesystems()

Returns a list of all fileystems which are considered special. This will usually contain meta and swap partitions like /proc and /dev/shm on Linux.

regular_filesystems()

Returns a list of all filesystems which are not considered to be special.

Filesystem Properties

Available filesystem properties and their names vary wildly between platforms. Common aliases have been provided wherever possible. You should check the documentation of the specific platform helper module to list all of the properties which are available for that platform. For example, read the Sys::Filesystem::Linux documentation for a list of all filesystem properties available to query under Linux.

mount_point() or filesystem()

Returns the friendly name of the filesystem. This will usually be the same name as appears in the list returned by the filesystems() method.

label()

Returns the fileystem label.

This functionality may need to be retrofitted to some original OS specific helper modules as of Sys::Filesystem 1.12.

volume()

Returns the volume that the filesystem belongs to or is mounted on.

This functionality may need to be retrofitted to some original OS specific helper modules as of Sys::Filesystem 1.12.

device()

Returns the physical device that the filesystem is connected to.

type() or format()

Returns the type of filesystem format. fat32, ntfs, ufs, hpfs, ext3, xfs etc.

options()

Returns the options that the filesystem was mounted with. This may commonly contain information such as read-write, user and group settings and permissions.

mount_order()

Returns the order in which this filesystem should be mounted on boot.

check_order()

Returns the order in which this filesystem should be consistancy checked on boot.

check_frequency()

Returns how often this filesystem is checked for consistancy.

OS SPECIFIC HELPER MODULES

Dummy

The Dummy module is there to provide a default failover result to the main Sys::Filesystem module if no suitable platform specific module can be found or sucessfully loaded. This is the last module to be tried, in order of platform, Unix (if not on Win32), and then Dummy.

Maintained by Nicola Worthington.

Unix

The Unix module is intended to provide a "best guess" failover result to the main Sys::Filesystem module if no suitable platform specific module can be found, and the platform is not 'MSWin32'.

This module requires additional work to improve it's guestimation abilities.

Linux

Maintained by Nicola Worthington.

Darwin

Written and maintained by Christian Renz <crenz@web42.com>.

Solaris

Initial revision written by Nicola Worthington. Please contact me if you would like to maintain this.

AIX

Initial revision written by Nicola Worthington. Please contact me if you would like to maintain this.

Win32

Initial revision written by Nicola Worthington. Please contact me if you would like to maintain this.

This isn't written yet. It's on the top of the (very slow) TODO list.

OS Identifiers

The following list is taken from perlport(1). Please refer to the original source for the most up to date version. This information should help anyone who wishes to write a helper module for a new platform. Modules should have the same name as ^O in title caps. Thus 'openbsd' becomes 'Openbsd.pm'.

    uname         $^O        $Config{archname}
    ------------------------------------------
    AIXaix        aix
    BSD/OS        bsdos      i386-bsdos
    Darwin        darwin     darwin
    dgux          dgux       AViiON-dgux
    DYNIX/ptx     dynixptx   i386-dynixptx
    FreeBSD       freebsd    freebsd-i386
    Linux         linux      arm-linux
    Linux         linux      i386-linux
    Linux         linux      i586-linux
    Linux         linux      ppc-linux
    HP-UX         hpux       PA-RISC1.1
    IRIX          irix       irix
    Mac OS X      darwin     darwin
    MachTen PPC   machten    powerpc-machten
    NeXT 3        next       next-fat
    NeXT 4        next       OPENSTEP-Mach
    openbsd       openbsd    i386-openbsd
    OSF1          dec_osf    alpha-dec_osf
    reliantunix-n svr4       RM400-svr4
    SCO_SV        sco_sv     i386-sco_sv
    SINIX-N       svr4       RM400-svr4
    sn4609        unicos     CRAY_C90-unicos
    sn6521        unicosmk   t3e-unicosmk
    sn9617        unicos     CRAY_J90-unicos
    SunOS         solaris    sun4-solaris
    SunOS         solaris    i86pc-solaris
    SunOS4        sunos      sun4-sunos
    OS/390        os390      os390
    OS400         os400      os400
    POSIX-BC      posix-bc   BS2000-posix-bc
    VM/ESA        vmesa      vmesa
    
    OS            $^O        $Config{archname} ID    Version
    --------------------------------------------------------
    MS-DOS        dos        ?
    PC-DOS        dos        ?
    OS/2          os2        ?
    Windows 3.1   ?          ?                 0      3 01
    Windows 95    MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       1      4 00
    Windows 98    MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       1      4 10
    Windows ME    MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       1      ?
    Windows NT    MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       2      4 xx
    Windows NT    MSWin32    MSWin32-ALPHA     2      4 xx
    Windows NT    MSWin32    MSWin32-ppc       2      4 xx
    Windows 2000  MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       2      5 xx
    Windows XP    MSWin32    MSWin32-x86       2      ?
    Windows CE    MSWin32    ?                 3
    Cygwin        cygwin     ?
    
    OS            $^O        $Config{archname}
    ------------------------------------------
    Amiga DOS     amigaos    m68k-amigos
    BeOS          beos
    MPE/iX        mpeix      PA-RISC1.1

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Christian Renz <crenz@web42.com> is the maintainer of Sys::Filesystem::Darwin.

Brad Greenlee <brad@footle.org> for suggesting and patching for the filesystem(device => "string") method functionality.

http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/pseries/index.jsp?topic=/com.ibm.aix.doc/files/aixfiles/filesystems.htm

http://www.unixguide.net/unixguide.shtml

SEE ALSO

perlport(1) Solaris::DeviceTree Win32::DriveInfo

TODO

Add support for Windows, AIX, FreeBSD, HP-UX and Tru64. Please contact me if you would like to provide code for these operating systems.

BUGS

Probably. Please email me a patch if you find something ghastly.

AUTHOR

Nicola Worthington <nicolaworthington@msn.com>

http://www.nicolaworthington.com/

http://search.cpan.org/~NICOLAW/

http://freshmeat.net/users/nicolaw/

$Author: nicolaw $