AnyEvent::XMPP::Node - XML node tree helper for the parser.


   use AnyEvent::XMPP::Node;


This class represens a XML node. AnyEvent::XMPP should usually not require messing with the parse tree, but sometimes it is neccessary.

If you experience any need for messing with these and feel AnyEvent::XMPP should rather take care of it drop me a mail, feature request or most preferably a patch!

Every AnyEvent::XMPP::Node has a namespace, attributes, text and child nodes.

You can access these with the following methods:


new ($ns, $el, $attrs, $parser)

Creates a new AnyEvent::XMPP::Node object with the node tag name $el in the namespace URI $ns and the attributes $attrs. The $parser must be the instance of AnyEvent::XMPP::Parser which generated this node.


The tag name of this node.


Returns the namespace URI of this node.

eq ($namespace_or_alias, $name) or eq ($node)

Returns true whether the current element matches the tag name $name in the namespaces pointed at by $namespace_or_alias.

You can either pass an alias that was defined in AnyEvent::XMPP::Namespaces or pass an namespace URI in $namespace_or_alias. If no alias with the name $namespace_or_alias was found in AnyEvent::XMPP::Namespaces it will be interpreted as namespace URI.

The first argument to eq can also be another AnyEvent::XMPP::Node instance.

eq_ns ($namespace_or_alias) or eq_ns ($node)

This method return true if the namespace of this instance of AnyEvent::XMPP::Node matches the namespace described by $namespace_or_alias or the namespace of the $node which has to be another AnyEvent::XMPP::Node instance.

See eq for the meaning of $namespace_or_alias.

attr ($name)

Returns the contents of the $name attribute.

add_node ($node)

Adds a sub-node to the current node.


Returns a list of sub nodes.

add_text ($string)

Adds character data to the current node.


Returns the text for this node.

find_all (@path)

This method does a recursive descent through the sub-nodes and fetches all nodes that match the last element of @path.

The elements of @path consist of a array reference to an array with two elements: the namespace key known by the $parser and the tagname we search for.

write_on ($writer)

This writes the current node out to the AnyEvent::XMPP::Writer object in $writer.

as_string ()

This method returns the original character representation of this XML element (and it's children nodes). Please note that the string is a unicode string, meaning: to get octets use:

   my $octets = encode ('UTF-8', $node->as_string);

Now you can roll stunts like this:

   my $libxml = XML::LibXML->new;
   my $doc    = $libxml->parse_string (encode ('UTF-8', $node->as_string ()));

(You can use your favorite XML parser :)

append_raw ($string)

This method is called by the parser to store original strings of this element.

to_sax_events ($handler)

This method takes anything that can receive SAX events. See also XML::GDOME::SAX::Builder or XML::Handler::BuildDOM or XML::LibXML::SAX::Builder.

With this you can convert this node to any DOM level 2 structure you want:

   my $builder = XML::LibXML::SAX::Builder->new;
   $node->to_sax_events ($builder);
   my $dom = $builder->result;
   print "Canonized: " . $dom->toStringC14N . "\n";


Robin Redeker, <elmex at>, JID: <elmex at>


Copyright 2007, 2008 Robin Redeker, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.