++ed by:
JONASS VOJ

2 PAUSE users
6 non-PAUSE users.

Nicolas Steenlant
and 12 contributors

NAME

Catmandu::Exporter - Namespace for packages that can export

SYNOPSIS

    # From the command line

    # JSON is an importer and YAML an exporter
    $ catmandu convert JSON to YAML < data.json

    # OAI is an importer and JSON an exporter
    $ catmandu convert OAI --url http://biblio.ugent.be/oai to JSON 

    # From Perl
    use Catmandu;

    my $importer = Catmandu->importer('JSON', file => 'data.json');
    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('YAML');

    $exporter->add({ record => "one"});
    $exporter->add_many([ { record => "one" } , { record => "two" } ]);
    $exporter->add_many($importer);

DESCRIPTION

A Catmandu::Exporter is a Perl package that can export data into JSON, YAML, XML or many other formats. By default, data is to STDOUT. Optionally provide a file or fh parameter to write to a file, string, or handle.

Every Catmandu::Exporter is a Catmandu::Fixable thus provides a fix parameter and method to apply fixes to exported items:

    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('JSON', fix => ['upcase(title)']);

    # This will be printed to STDOUT like: {"title":"MY TITLE"}
    $exporter->add({ title => "my title"});

Every Catmandu::Exporter is a Catmandu::Addable thus inherits the methods add and add_many.

CONFIGURATION

file

Write output to a local file given by its path or file handle. Alternatively a scalar reference can be passed to write to a string and a code reference can be used to write to a callback function.

fh

Write the output to an IO::Handle. If not specified, Catmandu::Util::io is used to create the output handle from the file argument or by using STDOUT.

encoding

Binmode of the output stream fh. Set to ":utf8" by default.

fix

An ARRAY of one or more fixes or file scripts to be applied to exported items.

METHODS

add

Adds one object to be exported.

add_many

Adds many objects to be exported. This can be either an ARRAY-ref or an Catmandu::Iterator. Returns a true value when the export was successful or undef on error.

count

Returns the number of items exported by this Catmandu::Exporter.

log

Returns the current logger.

CODING

Create your own exporter by creating a Perl package in the Catmandu::Exporter namespace that implements Catmandu::Exporter. Basically, you need to create a method add which writes a Perl hash to a file handle:

    package Catmandu::Exporter::Foo;

    use Catmandu::Sane;
    use Moo;

    with 'Catmandu::Exporter'

    sub add {
        my ($self, $data) = @_;
        my $fh = $self->fh;
        $fh->print( "Hello, World!");
    }

    1;

This exporter can be called from the command line as:

    $ catmandu convert JSON to Foo < data.json

Or, via Perl

    use Catmandu;

    my $exporter = Catmandu->exporter('Foo', file => "/tmp/output.txt");

    $exporter->add({test => 123});

SEE ALSO

See function export_to_string in module Catmandu.

The exporters Catmandu::Exporter::JSON, Catmandu::Exporter::YAML, Catmandu::Exporter::CSV, and Catmandu::Exporter::Text are included in Catmandu core.

See Catmandu::Importer for the opposite action.