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HTML::Display - display HTML locally in a browser


  use strict;
  use HTML::Display;

  # guess the best value from $ENV{PERL_HTML_DISPLAY_CLASS}
  # or the operating system, in that order
  my $browser = HTML::Display->new();
  warn "# Displaying HTML using " . ref $browser;
  my $location = "";
  $browser->display(html => $html, location => $location);

  # Or, for a one-off job :
  display("<html><body><h1>Hello world!</h1></body></html>");


This module abstracts the task of displaying HTML to the user. The displaying is done by launching a browser and navigating it to either a temporary file with the HTML stored in it, or, if possible, by pushing the HTML directly into the browser window.

The module tries to automagically select the "correct" browser, but if it dosen't find a good browser, you can modify the behaviour by setting some environment variables :


If HTML::Display already provides a class for the browser you want to use, setting PERL_HTML_DISPLAY_CLASS to the name of the class will make HTML::Display use that class instead of what it detects.


If there is no specialized class yet, but your browser can be controlled via the command line, then setting PERL_HTML_DISPLAY_COMMAND to the string to navigate to the URL will make HTML::Display use a system() call to the string. A %s in the value will be replaced with the name of the temporary file containing the HTML to display.


The hash %HTML::Display::os_default contains pairs of class names for the different operating systems and routines that test whether this script is currently running under it. If you you want to dynamically add a new class or replace a class (or the rule), modify %os_default :

  # Install class for MagicOS
    = sub { $^O =~ qr/magic/i };

__PACKAGE__->new %ARGS

$browser->display( %ARGS )

Will display the HTML. The following arguments are valid :

  base     => Base to which all relative links will be resolved
  html     => Scalar containing the HTML to be displayed
  file     => Scalar containing the name of the file to be displayed
                                                This file will possibly be copied into a temporary file!

  location    (synonymous to base)

If only one argument is passed, then it is taken as if

  html => $_[0]

was passed.


The subroutine display is exported by default


Display some HTML to the user :

  perl -MHTML::Display -e "display '<html><body><h1>Hello world</body></html>'"

Display a web page to the user :

  perl -MLWP::Simple -MHTML::Display -e "display get ''"

Display the same page with the images also working :

  perl -MLWP::Simple -MHTML::Display -e "display html => get(''),
                                                 location => ''"


Copyright (c) 2004-2007 Max Maischein <>


This module is released under the same terms as Perl itself.