NAME

HarfBuzz::Shaper - Use HarfBuzz for text shaping

SYNOPSIS

    use HarfBuzz::Shaper;
    my $hb = HarfBuzz::Shaper->new;
    $hb->set_font('LiberationSans.ttf');
    $hb->set_size(36);
    $hb->set_text("Hello!");
    my $info = $hb->shaper;

The result is an array of hashes, one element for each glyph to be typeset.

DESCRIPTION

HarfBuzz::Shaper is a perl module that provides access to a small subset of the native HarfBuzz library.

The subset is suitable for typesetting programs that need to deal with complex languages like Devanagari, Hebrew or Arabic.

This module is intended to be used with module Text::Layout. Feel free to (ab)use it for other purposes.

Following the above example, the returned info is an array of hashes, one element for each glyph to be typeset. The hash contains the following items:

    ax:   horizontal advance
    ay:   vertical advance
    dx:   horizontal offset
    dy:   vertical offset
    g:    glyph index in font (CId)
    name: glyph name

Note that the number of glyphs does not necessarily match the number of input characters!

DISCLAIMER

This module provides a thin interface layer between Perl and the native HarfBuzz library. It is agnostic with regard to the details of multi-language typesetting. HarfBuzz has a friendly community to help you.

https://lists.freedesktop.org/mailman/listinfo/harfbuzz

METHODS

$hb = HarfBuzz::Shaper->new( [ options ] )

Creates a new shaper object.

Options:

  • font = > font filename

  • size = > text size

$hb->reset( [ full ] )

Reset (clear) the buffer settings for font, size, language, direction and script. With full, also clears the font cache.

$hb->set_font( font filename [ , size ] )

Explicit way to set the font (and, optionally, the size) used for shaping.

The settings persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the settings.

The font must be a TrueType or OpenType font. Font information is cached internally, after the first call subsequent calls with the same font filename are very fast.

$hb->set_size( size )

Explicit way to set the font size used for shaping.

Note that the font size will in general affect details of the appearance, A 5 point fontsize magnified 10 times is not identical to 50 point font size.

The setting persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the setting.

$hb->set_text( text [ , ... ] )

Sets the text to shape. Multiple arguments are concatenated.

Note that the text must be Perl strings.

The setting persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the setting.

$hb->set_features( feat [ , ... ] )

Sets persistent features for shaping. Features are strings as described in https://harfbuzz.github.io/harfbuzz-hb-common.html#hb-feature-from-string and https://css-tricks.com/almanac/properties/f/font-feature-settings/#values.

Multiple feature strings may be supplied.

Call without arguments to remove the persistent features.

$hb->add_features( feat [ , ... ] )

Just like set_features, but the specified features are added to the set of persistent features.

$hb->set_language( lang )

Sets the language for shaping. lang must be a string containing a valid BCP-47 language code.

The setting persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the setting.

$hb->get_language

Returns the language currently set for this shaper, as a string.

When called after a successful shaper() call, it returns the actual value used by shaper().

$hb->set_script( script )

Sets the script (alphabet) for shaping. script must be a string containing a valid ISO-15924 script code. For example, "Latn" for the Latin (Western European) script, or "Arab" for arabic script.

If you don't set a script, shaper() will make a guess based on the text string. This may or may not yield desired results.

The setting persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the setting.

$hb->get_script

Returns the script currently set for this shaper, as a string.

When called after a successful shaper() call, it returns the actual value used by shaper().

$hb->set_direction( dir )

Sets the direction for shaping. dir must be a string containing a valid direction setting: LTR (left-to-right), RTL (right-to-left), TTB (top-to-bottom), or BTT (bottom-to-top).

If you don't set a direction, shaper() will make a guess based on the text string. This may or may not yield desired results.

The setting persist across shaper() calls. Call without arguments to remove the setting.

$hb->get_direction

Returns the direction currently set for this shaper, as a string.

When called after a successful shaper() call, it returns the actual value used by shaper().

$info = $hb->shaper( [ ref to features ] )

Performs the actual shape operation.

features is a reference to an array of feature strings. The features will be added to the list of features already set with set_features/add_features. If the first (or only) feature is none all current features will be ignored and only subsequent features are taken into account. Changes apply to this call only, the persistent set of featutes is not modified.

Upon completion an array of hashes is returned with one element for each glyph to be rendered.

The hash contains the following items:

    ax:   horizontal advance
    ay:   vertical advance
    dx:   horizontal offset
    dy:   vertical offset
    g:    glyph index in font (CId)
    name: glyph name

Note that the number of glyphs does not necessarily match the number of input characters!

SEE ALSO

Text::Layout

HarfBuzz website and documentation: https://harfbuzz.github.io/index.html.

BUGS AND DEFICIENCIES

It probably leaks memory. We'll see.

SUPPORT AND DOCUMENTATION

Development of this module takes place on GitHub: https://github.com/sciurius/perl-HarfBuzz-Shaper.

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc HarfBuzz::Shaper

Please report any bugs or feature requests using the issue tracker on GitHub.

HarfBuzz website and documentation: https://harfbuzz.github.io/index.html.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

Copyright (C) 2020 by Johan Vromans

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.