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Author image Alex Solovey
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Kafka::Producer - Perl interface for Kafka producer client.


This documentation refers to Kafka::Producer version 1.08 .


    use 5.010;
    use strict;
    use warnings;

    use Scalar::Util qw(
    use Try::Tiny;

    use Kafka::Connection;
    use Kafka::Producer;

    my ( $connection, $producer );
    try {

        #-- Connection
        $connection = Kafka::Connection->new( host => 'localhost' );

        #-- Producer
        $producer = Kafka::Producer->new( Connection => $connection );

        # Sending a single message
        my $response = $producer->send(
            'mytopic',          # topic
            0,                  # partition
            'Single message'    # message

        # Sending a series of messages
        $response = $producer->send(
            'mytopic',          # topic
            0,                  # partition
            [                   # messages
                'The first message',
                'The second message',
                'The third message',

    } catch {
        my $error = $_;
        if ( blessed( $error ) && $error->isa( 'Kafka::Exception' ) ) {
            warn 'Error: (', $error->code, ') ',  $error->message, "\n";
        } else {
            die $error;

    # Closes the producer and cleans up
    undef $producer;
    undef $connection;


Kafka producer API is implemented by Kafka::Producer class.

The main features of the Kafka::Producer class are:

  • Provides object-oriented API for producing messages.

  • Provides Kafka PRODUCE requests.



Creates new producer client object.

new() takes arguments in key-value pairs. The following arguments are currently recognized:

Connection => $connection

$connection is the Kafka::Connection object responsible for communication with the Apache Kafka cluster.

ClientId => $client_id

This is a user supplied identifier (string) for the client application.

If ClientId is not passed to constructor, its value will be automatically assigned (to string 'producer').

RequiredAcks => $acks

The $acks should be an int16 signed integer.

Indicates how many acknowledgements the servers should receive before responding to the request.

If it is $NOT_SEND_ANY_RESPONSE the server does not send any response.

If it is $WAIT_WRITTEN_TO_LOCAL_LOG, (default) the server will wait until the data is written to the local log before sending a response.

If it is $BLOCK_UNTIL_IS_COMMITTED the server will block until the message is committed by all in sync replicas before sending a response.


Timeout => $timeout

This provides a maximum time the server can await the receipt of the number of acknowledgements in RequiredAcks.

The $timeout in seconds, could be any integer or floating-point type not bigger than int32 positive integer.

Optional, default = $REQUEST_TIMEOUT.

$REQUEST_TIMEOUT is the default timeout that can be imported from the Kafka module.


The following methods are defined for the Kafka::Producer class:

send( $topic, $partition, $messages, $keys, $compression_codec )

Sends a messages on a Kafka::Connection object.

Returns a non-blank value (a reference to a hash with server response description) if the message is successfully sent.

send() takes the following arguments:


The $topic must be a normal non-false string of non-zero length.


The $partition must be a non-negative integer.


The $messages is an arbitrary amount of data (a simple data string or a reference to an array of the data strings).


The $keys are optional message keys, for partitioning with each message, so the consumer knows the partitioning key. This argument should be either a single string (common key for all messages), or an array of strings with length matching messages array.



$compression_codec sets the required type of $messages compression, if the compression is desirable.

Supported codecs: $COMPRESSION_NONE, $COMPRESSION_GZIP, $COMPRESSION_SNAPPY, $COMPRESSION_LZ4. The defaults that can be imported from the Kafka module.



This is the timestamps of the $messages.

This argument should be either a single number (common timestamp for all messages), or an array of integers with length matching messages array.

Unit is milliseconds since beginning of the epoch (midnight Jan 1, 1970 (UTC)).

WARNING: timestamps supported since Kafka 0.10.0.

Do not use $Kafka::SEND_MAX_ATTEMPTS in Kafka::Producer-<gtsend> request to prevent duplicates.


When error is detected, an exception, represented by object of Kafka::Exception::Producer class, is thrown (see Kafka::Exceptions).

code and a more descriptive message provide information about thrown exception. Consult documentation of the Kafka::Exceptions for the list of all available methods.

Authors suggest using of Try::Tiny's try and catch to handle exceptions while working with Kafka package.

Invalid argument

Invalid arguments were provided to a new constructor or to other method.

Cannot send

Request cannot be sent.

Cannot receive

Response cannot be received.

Cannot bind

TCP connection cannot be established on a given host and port.

Cannot get metadata

IO error is present, errors found in the structure of the reply or the reply contains a non-zero error codes.

Description leader not found

Information about the server-leader is missing in metadata.

Mismatch CorrelationId

CorrelationId of response doesn't match one in request.

There are no known brokers

Information about brokers in the cluster is missing.

Cannot get metadata

Obtained metadata is incorrect or failed to obtain metadata.


The basic operation of the Kafka package modules:

Kafka - constants and messages used by the Kafka package modules.

Kafka::Connection - interface to connect to a Kafka cluster.

Kafka::Producer - interface for producing client.

Kafka::Consumer - interface for consuming client.

Kafka::Message - interface to access Kafka message properties.

Kafka::Int64 - functions to work with 64 bit elements of the protocol on 32 bit systems.

Kafka::Protocol - functions to process messages in the Apache Kafka's Protocol.

Kafka::IO - low-level interface for communication with Kafka server.

Kafka::Exceptions - module designated to handle Kafka exceptions.

Kafka::Internals - internal constants and functions used by several package modules.

A wealth of detail about the Apache Kafka and the Kafka Protocol:

Main page at http://kafka.apache.org/

Kafka Protocol at https://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/KAFKA/A+Guide+To+The+Kafka+Protocol


Kafka package is hosted on GitHub: https://github.com/TrackingSoft/Kafka


Sergey Gladkov

Please use GitHub project link above to report problems or contact authors.


Alexander Solovey

Jeremy Jordan

Sergiy Zuban

Vlad Marchenko


Copyright (C) 2012-2017 by TrackingSoft LLC.

This package is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic at http://dev.perl.org/licenses/artistic.html.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.