++ed by:
BVINNERD HARRYL DJO KWAKWA MATTP

100 PAUSE users
244 non-PAUSE users.

Sebastian Riedel

NAME

Mojo::File - File system paths

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::File;

  # Portably deal with file system paths
  my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/.vimrc');
  say $path->slurp;
  say $path->dirname;
  say $path->basename;
  say $path->sibling('.bashrc');

  # Use the alternative constructor
  use Mojo::File 'path';
  my $path = path('/tmp/foo/bar')->make_path;
  $path->child('test.txt')->spurt('Hello Mojo!');

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::File is a scalar-based container for file system paths that provides a friendly API for dealing with different operating systems.

  # Access scalar directly to manipulate path
  my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/test');
  $$path .= '.txt';

FUNCTIONS

Mojo::File implements the following functions, which can be imported individually.

path

  my $path = path;
  my $path = path('/home/sri/.vimrc');
  my $path = path('/home', 'sri', '.vimrc');
  my $path = path(File::Temp->newdir);

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object, defaults to using the current working directory.

  # "foo/bar/baz.txt" (on UNIX)
  path('foo', 'bar', 'baz.txt');

tempdir

  my $path = tempdir;
  my $path = tempdir('tempXXXXX');

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object for a temporary directory with File::Temp.

  # Longer version
  my $path = path(File::Temp->newdir('tempXXXXX'));

tempfile

  my $path = tempfile;
  my $path = tempfile(DIR => '/tmp');

Construct a new scalar-based Mojo::File object for a temporary file with File::Temp.

  # Longer version
  my $path = path(File::Temp->new(DIR => '/tmp'));

METHODS

Mojo::File implements the following methods.

basename

  my $name = $path->basename;
  my $name = $path->basename('.txt');

Return the last level of the path with File::Basename.

  # ".vimrc" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->basename;

  # "test" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/test.txt')->basename('.txt');

child

  my $child = $path->child('.vimrc');

Return a new Mojo::File object relative to the path.

  # "/home/sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
  path('/home')->child('sri', '.vimrc');

copy_to

  my $destination = $path->copy_to('/home/sri');
  my $destination = $path->copy_to('/home/sri/.vimrc.backup');

Copy file with File::Copy and return the destination as a Mojo::File object.

dirname

  my $name = $path->dirname;

Return all but the last level of the path with File::Basename as a Mojo::File object.

  # "/home/sri" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->dirname;

is_abs

  my $bool = $path->is_abs;

Check if the path is absolute.

  # True (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->is_abs;

  # False (on UNIX)
  path('.vimrc')->is_abs;

list

  my $collection = $path->list;
  my $collection = $path->list({hidden => 1});

List all files in the directory and return a Mojo::Collection object containing the results as Mojo::File objects. The list does not include . and ...

  # List files
  say for path('/home/sri/myapp')->list->each;

These options are currently available:

dir
  dir => 1

Include directories.

hidden
  hidden => 1

Include hidden files.

list_tree

  my $collection = $path->list_tree;
  my $collection = $path->list_tree({hidden => 1});

List all files recursively in the directory and return a Mojo::Collection object containing the results as Mojo::File objects. The list does not include . and ...

  # List all templates
  say for path('/home/sri/myapp/templates')->list_tree->each;

These options are currently available:

dir
  dir => 1

Include directories.

hidden
  hidden => 1

Include hidden files and directories.

make_path

  $path = $path->make_path;
  $path = $path->make_path({mode => 0711});

Create the directories if they don't already exist, any additional arguments are passed through to File::Path.

move_to

  my $destination = $path->move_to('/home/sri');
  my $destination = $path->move_to('/home/sri/.vimrc.backup');

Move file with File::Copy and return the destination as a Mojo::File object.

new

  my $path = Mojo::File->new;
  my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home/sri/.vimrc');
  my $path = Mojo::File->new('/home', 'sri', '.vimrc');
  my $path = Mojo::File->new(File::Temp->new);
  my $path = Mojo::File->new(File::Temp->newdir);

Construct a new Mojo::File object, defaults to using the current working directory.

  # "foo/bar/baz.txt" (on UNIX)
  Mojo::File->new('foo', 'bar', 'baz.txt');

open

  my $handle = $path->open('+<');
  my $handle = $path->open('r+');
  my $handle = $path->open(O_RDWR);
  my $handle = $path->open('<:encoding(UTF-8)');

Open file with IO::File.

  # Combine "fcntl.h" constants
  use Fcntl qw(O_CREAT O_EXCL O_RDWR);
  my $handle = path('/home/sri/test.pl')->open(O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_EXCL);

realpath

  my $realpath = $path->realpath;

Resolve the path with Cwd and return the result as a Mojo::File object.

remove_tree

  $path = $path->remove_tree;
  $path = $path->remove_tree({keep_root => 1});

Delete this directory and any files and subdirectories it may contain, any additional arguments are passed through to File::Path.

sibling

  my $sibling = $path->sibling('.vimrc');

Return a new Mojo::File object relative to the directory part of the path.

  # "/home/sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.bashrc')->sibling('.vimrc');

  # "/home/sri/.ssh/known_hosts" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.bashrc')->sibling('.ssh', 'known_hosts');

slurp

  my $bytes = $path->slurp;

Read all data at once from the file.

spurt

  $path = $path->spurt($bytes);
  $path = $path->spurt(@chunks_of_bytes);

Write all data at once to the file.

tap

  $path = $path->tap(sub {...});

Alias for "tap" in Mojo::Base.

to_abs

  my $absolute = $path->to_abs;

Return absolute path as a Mojo::File object, the path does not need to exist on the file system.

to_array

  my $parts = $path->to_array;

Split the path on directory separators.

  # "home:sri:.vimrc" (on UNIX)
  join ':', @{path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->to_array};

to_rel

  my $relative = $path->to_rel('/some/base/path');

Return a relative path from the original path to the destination path as a Mojo::File object.

  # "sri/.vimrc" (on UNIX)
  path('/home/sri/.vimrc')->to_rel('/home');

to_string

  my $str = $path->to_string;

Stringify the path.

OPERATORS

Mojo::File overloads the following operators.

array

  my @parts = @$path;

Alias for "to_array".

bool

  my $bool = !!$path;

Always true.

stringify

  my $str = "$path";

Alias for "to_string".

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicious.org.