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Sebastian Riedel

NAME

Mojo::Pg::Migrations - Migrations

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::Pg::Migrations;

  my $migrations = Mojo::Pg::Migrations->new(pg => $pg);
  $migrations->from_file('/home/sri/migrations.sql')->migrate;

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::Pg::Migrations is used by Mojo::Pg to allow database schemas to evolve easily over time. A migration file is just a collection of sql blocks, with one or more statements, separated by comments of the form -- VERSION UP/DOWN.

  -- 1 up
  create table messages (message text);
  insert into messages values ('I ♥ Mojolicious!');
  -- 1 down
  drop table messages;

  -- 2 up (...you can comment freely here...)
  create table stuff (whatever int);
  -- 2 down
  drop table stuff;

The idea is to let you migrate from any version, to any version, up and down. Migrations are very safe, because they are performed in transactions and only one can be performed at a time. If a single statement fails, the whole migration will fail and get rolled back. Every set of migrations has a "name", which is stored together with the currently active version in an automatically created table named mojo_migrations.

ATTRIBUTES

Mojo::Pg::Migrations implements the following attributes.

name

  my $name    = $migrations->name;
  $migrations = $migrations->name('foo');

Name for this set of migrations, defaults to migrations.

pg

  my $pg      = $migrations->pg;
  $migrations = $migrations->pg(Mojo::Pg->new);

Mojo::Pg object these migrations belong to.

METHODS

Mojo::Pg::Migrations inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.

active

  my $version = $migrations->active;

Currently active version.

from_data

  $migrations = $migrations->from_data;
  $migrations = $migrations->from_data('main');
  $migrations = $migrations->from_data('main', 'file_name');

Extract migrations from a file in the DATA section of a class with "data_section" in Mojo::Loader, defaults to using the caller class and "name".

  __DATA__
  @@ migrations
  -- 1 up
  create table messages (message text);
  insert into messages values ('I ♥ Mojolicious!');
  -- 1 down
  drop table messages;

from_file

  $migrations = $migrations->from_file('/home/sri/migrations.sql');

Extract migrations from a file.

from_string

  $migrations = $migrations->from_string(
    '-- 1 up
     create table foo (bar int);
     -- 1 down
     drop table foo;'
  );

Extract migrations from string.

latest

  my $version = $migrations->latest;

Latest version available.

migrate

  $migrations = $migrations->migrate;
  $migrations = $migrations->migrate(3);

Migrate from "active" to a different version, up or down, defaults to using "latest". All version numbers need to be positive, with version 0 representing an empty database.

  # Reset database
  $migrations->migrate(0)->migrate;

DEBUGGING

You can set the MOJO_MIGRATIONS_DEBUG environment variable to get some advanced diagnostics information printed to STDERR.

  MOJO_MIGRATIONS_DEBUG=1

SEE ALSO

Mojo::Pg, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicious.org.