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DEMIAN

1 PAUSE user

Jan Henning Thorsen

NAME

Mojolicious::Plugin::CGI - Run CGI script from Mojolicious

VERSION

0.36

DESCRIPTION

This plugin enable Mojolicious to run Perl CGI scripts. It does so by forking a new process with a modified environment and reads the STDOUT in a non-blocking manner.

SYNOPSIS

Standard usage

  use Mojolicious::Lite;
  plugin CGI => [ "/cgi-bin/script" => "/path/to/cgi/script.pl" ];

Using the code above is enough to run script.pl when accessing http://localhost:3000/cgi-bin/script.

Complex usage

  plugin CGI => {
    # Specify the script and mount point
    script => "/path/to/cgi/script.pl",
    route  => "/some/route",

    # %ENV variables visible from inside the CGI script
    env => {}, # default is \%ENV

    # Path to where STDERR from cgi script goes
    errlog => "/path/to/file.log",

    # The "before" hook is called before script start
    # It receives a Mojolicious::Controller which can be modified
    before => sub {
      my $c = shift;
      $c->req->url->query->param(a => 123);
    },
  };

The above contains all the options you can pass on to the plugin.

Helper

  plugin "CGI";

  # GET /cgi-bin/some-script.cgi/path/info?x=123
  get "/cgi-bin/#script_name/*path_info" => {path_info => ''}, sub {
    my $c    = shift;
    my $name = $c->stash("script_name");
    $c->cgi->run(script => File::Spec->rel2abs("/path/to/cgi/$name"));
  };

The helper can take most the arguments that "register" takes, with the exception of support_semicolon_in_query_string.

It is critical that "script_name" and "path_info" is present in stash. If the values are extracted directly from the path or set manually does not matter.

Note that the helper is registered in all of the examples.

Running code refs

  plugin CGI => {
    route => "/some/path",
    run   => sub {
      my $cgi = CGI->new;
      # ...
    }
  };

Instead of calling a script, you can run a code block when accessing the route. This is (pretty much) safe, even if the code block modifies global state, since it runs in a separate fork/process.

Support for semicolon in query string

  plugin CGI => {
    support_semicolon_in_query_string => 1,
    ...
  };

The code above need to be added before other plugins or handler which use "url" in Mojo::Message::Request. It will inject a before_dispatch hook which saves the original QUERY_STRING, before it is split on "&" in Mojo::Parameters.

ATTRIBUTES

env

Holds a hash ref containing the environment variables that should be used when starting the CGI script. Defaults to %ENV when this module was loaded.

This plugin will create a set of environment variables depenendent on the request passed in which is according to the CGI spec. In addition to "env", these dynamic variables are set:

  CONTENT_LENGTH, CONTENT_TYPE, HTTPS, PATH, PATH_INFO, QUERY_STRING,
  REMOTE_ADDR, REMOTE_HOST, REMOTE_PORT, REMOTE_USER, REQUEST_METHOD,
  SCRIPT_NAME, SERVER_PORT, SERVER_PROTOCOL.

Additional static variables:

  GATEWAY_INTERFACE = "CGI/1.1"
  SERVER_ADMIN = $ENV{USER}
  SCRIPT_FILENAME = Script name given as argument to register.
  SERVER_NAME = Sys::Hostname::hostname()
  SERVER_SOFTWARE = "Mojolicious::Plugin::CGI"

Plus all headers are exposed. Examples:

  .----------------------------------------.
  | Header          | Variable             |
  |-----------------|----------------------|
  | Referer         | HTTP_REFERER         |
  | User-Agent      | HTTP_USER_AGENT      |
  | X-Forwarded-For | HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR |
  '----------------------------------------'

register

  $self->register($app, [ $route => $script ]);
  $self->register($app, %args);
  $self->register($app, \%args);

route and path need to exist as keys in %args unless given as plain arguments.

$route can be either a plain path or a route object.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright (C) 2014, Jan Henning Thorsen

This program is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.

AUTHOR

Jan Henning Thorsen - jhthorsen@cpan.org