Michael Robinton

NAME

Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::PTR - Resource Record Handler

SYNOPSIS

  DO NOT use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::PTR
  DO NOT require Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::PTR

  Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::PTR is autoloaded by 
  class Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR and its methods
  are instantiated in a 'special' manner.

  use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;
  ($get,$put,$parse) = new Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;

  ($newoff,$name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,
        $ptrdname) = $get->PTR(\$buffer,$offset);

  Note: the $get->PTR method is normally called
  via:  @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);

  ($newoff,@dnptrs)=$put->PTR(\$buffer,$offset,\@dnptrs,
        $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$ptrdname);

  $name,$TYPE,$CLASS,$TTL,$rdlength,$IPaddr) 
    = $parse->XYZ($name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,
        $ptrdname);

DESCRIPTION

Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR:PTR appends an PTR resource record to a DNS packet under construction, recovers an PTR resource record from a packet being decoded, and converts the numeric/binary portions of the resource record to human readable form.

  Description from RFC1035.txt

  3.2.1. Format

  All RRs have the same top level format shown below:

                                    1  1  1  1  1  1
      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  0  1  2  3  4  5
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      NAME                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      TYPE                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                     CLASS                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      TTL                      |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                   RDLENGTH                    |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--|
    |                     RDATA                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+

  NAME  an owner name, i.e., the name of the node to which this
        resource record pertains.

  TYPE  two octets containing one of the RR TYPE codes.

  CLASS two octets containing one of the RR CLASS codes.

  TTL   a 32 bit signed integer that specifies the time interval
        that the resource record may be cached before the source
        of the information should again be consulted.  Zero
        values are interpreted to mean that the RR can only be
        used for the transaction in progress, and should not be
        cached.  For example, SOA records are always distributed
        with a zero TTL to prohibit caching.  Zero values can
        also be used for extremely volatile data.

  RDLENGTH an unsigned 16 bit integer that specifies the length
        in octets of the RDATA field.

  RDATA a variable length string of octets that describes the
        resource.  The format of this information varies
        according to the TYPE and CLASS of the resource record.

    3.3.12. PTR RDATA format

    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    /                   PTRDNAME                    /
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+

    where:

    PTRDNAME A <domain-name> which points to some location 
        in the domain name space.

PTR records cause no additional section processing. These RRs are used in special domains to point to some other location in the domain space. These records are simple data, and don't imply any special processing similar to that performed by CNAME, which identifies aliases. See the description of the IN-ADDR.ARPA domain for an example.

  • @stuff = $get->PTR(\$buffer,$offset);

      Get the contents of the resource record.
    
      USE: @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);
    
      where: @stuff = (
      $newoff $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,
      $ptrdname );

    All except the last item, $ptrdname, is provided by the class loader, Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR. The code in this method knows how to retrieve $ptrdname.

      input:        pointer to buffer,
                    offset into buffer
      returns:      offset to next resource,
                    @common RR elements,
                    PTR Domain Name
  • ($newoff,@dnptrs)=$put->PTR(\$buffer,$offset,\@dnptrs, $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$ptrdname);

    Append an PTR record to $buffer.

      where @common = (
            $name,$type,$class,$ttl);

    The method will insert the $rdlength and $ptrdname, then pass through the updated pointer to the array of compressed names

    The class loader, Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR, inserts the @common elements and returns updated @dnptrs. This module knows how to insert its RDATA and calculate the $rdlength.

      input:        pointer to buffer,
                    offset (normally end of buffer), 
                    pointer to compressed name array,
                    @common RR elements,
                    PTR Domain Name
      output:       offset to next RR,
                    new compressed name pointer array,
               or   empty list () on error.
  • (@COMMON,$PTRDNAME) = $parse->PTR(@common,$ptrdname);

    Converts binary/numeric field data into human readable form. The common RR elements are supplied by the class loader, Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR. For PTR RR's, this returns the $ptrdname terminated with '.'

      input:        PTR Domain Name
      returns:      PTR Domain Name.

DEPENDENCIES

        Net::DNS::ToolKit
        Net::DNS::Codes
        Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::NS

EXPORT

        none

AUTHOR

Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>

COPYRIGHT

    Copyright 2003 - 2011, Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>
   

Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>

All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either:

  a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
  Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
  later version, or

  b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this distribution.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See either the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the Artistic License with this distribution, in the file named "Artistic". If not, I'll be glad to provide one.

You should also have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program in the file named "Copying". If not, write to the

        Free Software Foundation, Inc.                        
        59 Temple Place, Suite 330
        Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA                                     

or visit their web page on the internet at:

        http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html.

See also:

Net::DNS::Codes(3), Net::DNS::ToolKit(3)