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Perinci::Access::Perl - Access Perl module, functions, variables through Riap


This document describes version 0.900 of Perinci::Access::Perl (from Perl distribution Perinci-Access-Perl), released on 2023-10-24.


First write your code and add Rinci metadata to them:

 package MyMod::MySubMod;

 our %SPEC;

 $SPEC{':package'} = {
     v => 1.1,
     summary => 'This package is blah blah',

 $SPEC{'$var1'} = {
     v => 1.1,
     summary => 'This variable is blah blah',
 our $var1;

 $SPEC{func1} = {
     v => 1.1,
     summary => 'This function does blah blah',
     args => {
         a => { schema => 'int', req => 1 },
         b => { schema => 'int' },
 sub func1 {

then access them through Riap:

 use Perinci::Access::Perl;
 my $pa = Perinci::Access::Perl->new;

 # call function
 $res = $pa->request(call => '/MyMod/MySubMod/func1', {args=>{a=>1, b=>2}});

 # get variables
 $res = $pa->request(get => '/MyMod/MySubMod/$var1');


This class allows you to access Perl modules, functions, and variables through Riap. Only those which have Rinci metadata are accessible. The metadata is put in %SPEC package variables, with function names as keys, or :package for package metadata, or $NAME for variables. Functions will be wrapped before executed (unless you pass wrap => 0 to the constructor).

You should probably use this through Perinci::Access.


new(%opts) => OBJ

Constructor. For a list of options, see superclass Perinci::Access::Schemeless except for package_prefix which are not recognized by this class.

$pa->request($action, $uri, \%extras) => RESP

$pa->parse_url($url) => HASH


Why %SPEC (instead of %META, %METADATA, %RINCI, etc)?

The name was first chosen during Sub::Spec era (see BackPAN) in 2011, it stuck. By that time I already had had a lot of code written using %SPEC.

Why wrap?

The wrapping process accomplishes several things, among others: checking of metadata, normalization of schemas in metadata, also argument validation and exception trapping in function.

The function wrapping introduces a small overhead when performing a sub call (typically around several to tens of microseconds on an Intel Core i5 1.7GHz notebook). This is usually smaller than the overhead of Perinci::Access::Perl itself (typically in the range of 100 microseconds). But if you are concerned about the wrapping overhead, see the wrap => 0 option.


Please visit the project's homepage at


Source repository is at






perlancar <>


Steven Haryanto <>


To contribute, you can send patches by email/via RT, or send pull requests on GitHub.

Most of the time, you don't need to build the distribution yourself. You can simply modify the code, then test via:

 % prove -l

If you want to build the distribution (e.g. to try to install it locally on your system), you can install Dist::Zilla, Dist::Zilla::PluginBundle::Author::PERLANCAR, Pod::Weaver::PluginBundle::Author::PERLANCAR, and sometimes one or two other Dist::Zilla- and/or Pod::Weaver plugins. Any additional steps required beyond that are considered a bug and can be reported to me.


This software is copyright (c) 2023, 2022, 2020, 2019, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012 by perlancar <>.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.


Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.