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6 non-PAUSE users.

MATSUNO★…Tokuhiro
and 19 contributors

NAME

Test::TCP - testing TCP program

SYNOPSIS

    use Test::TCP;

    my $server = Test::TCP->new(
        code => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            ...
        },
    );
    my $client = MyClient->new(host => '127.0.0.1', port => $server->port);
    undef $server; # kill child process on DESTROY

Using memcached:

    use Test::TCP;

    my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
        code => sub {
            my $port = shift;

            exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
            die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
        },
    );
    my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
    ...

And functional interface is available:

    use Test::TCP;
    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            my ($port, $server_pid) = @_;
            # send request to the server
        },
        server => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            # run server
        },
    );

DESCRIPTION

Test::TCP is a test utility to test TCP/IP-based server programs.

METHODS

test_tcp

Functional interface.

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            # send request to the server
        },
        server => sub {
            my $port = shift;
            # run server
        },
        # optional
        host => '127.0.0.1', # specify '::1' to test using IPv6
        port => 8080,
        max_wait => 3, # seconds
    );
wait_port
    wait_port(8080);

Waits for a particular port is available for connect.

Object Oriented interface

my $server = Test::TCP->new(%args);

Create new instance of Test::TCP.

Arguments are following:

$args{auto_start}: Boolean

Call $server->start() after create instance.

Default: true

$args{code}: CodeRef

The callback function. Argument for callback function is: $code->($pid).

This parameter is required.

$args{max_wait} : Number

Will wait for at most $max_wait seconds before checking port.

See also Net::EmptyPort.

Default: 10

$server->start()

Start the server process. Normally, you don't need to call this method.

$server->stop()

Stop the server process.

my $pid = $server->pid();

Get the pid of child process.

my $port = $server->port();

Get the port number of child process.

FAQ

How to invoke two servers?

You can call test_tcp() twice!

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            my $port1 = shift;
            test_tcp(
                client => sub {
                    my $port2 = shift;
                    # some client code here
                },
                server => sub {
                    my $port2 = shift;
                    # some server2 code here
                },
            );
        },
        server => sub {
            my $port1 = shift;
            # some server1 code here
        },
    );

Or use the OO interface instead.

    my $server1 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
        my $port1 = shift;
        ...
    });
    my $server2 = Test::TCP->new(code => sub {
        my $port2 = shift;
        ...
    });

    # your client code here.
    ...
How do you test server program written in other languages like memcached?

You can use exec() in child process.

    use strict;
    use warnings;
    use utf8;
    use Test::More;
    use Test::TCP 1.08;
    use File::Which;

    my $bin = scalar which 'memcached';
    plan skip_all => 'memcached binary is not found' unless defined $bin;

    my $memcached = Test::TCP->new(
        code => sub {
            my $port = shift;

            exec $bin, '-p' => $port;
            die "cannot execute $bin: $!";
        },
    );

    use Cache::Memcached;
    my $memd = Cache::Memcached->new({servers => ['127.0.0.1:' . $memcached->port]});
    $memd->set(foo => 'bar');
    is $memd->get('foo'), 'bar';

    done_testing;
How do I use address other than "127.0.0.1" for testing?

You can use the host parameter to specify the bind address.

    # let the server bind to "0.0.0.0" for testing
    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            ...
        },
        server => sub {
            ...
        },
        host => '0.0.0.0',
    );
How should I write IPv6 tests?

You should use the `Net::EmptyPort::can_bind` function to check if the program can bind to the loopback address of IPv6, as well as the `host` parameter of the `test_tcp` function to specify the same address as the bind address.

    use Net::EmptyPort qw(can_bind);

    plan skip_all => "IPv6 not available"
        unless can_bind('::1');

    test_tcp(
        client => sub {
            ...
        },
        server => sub {
            ...
        },
        host => '::1',
    );

AUTHOR

Tokuhiro Matsuno <tokuhirom@gmail.com>

THANKS TO

kazuhooku

dragon3

charsbar

Tatsuhiko Miyagawa

lestrrat

SEE ALSO

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.