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Author image Dan Kogai
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Tie::SaveLater - A base class for tie modules that "save later".


  package Tie::Storable;
  use base 'Tie::SaveLater';
  use Storable qw(retrieve nstore);
  sub load{ retrieve($_[1]) };
  sub save{ nstore($_[0], $_[0]->filename) };

  # later
  use Tie::Storable;
      tie my $scalar => 'Tie::Storable', 'scalar.po';
      $scalar = 42;
  } # scalar is automatically saved as 'scalar.po'.
      tie my @array => 'Tie::Storable', 'array.po';
      @array = qw(Sun Mon Tue Wed Fri Sat);
  } # array is automatically saved as 'array.po'.
      tie my %hash => 'Tie::Storable', 'hash.po';
      %hash = (Sun=>0, Mon=>1, Tue=>2, Wed=>3, Thu=>4, Fri=>5, Sat=>6);
  } # hash is automatically saved as 'hash.po'.
      tie my $object => 'Tie::Storable', 'object.po';
      $object = bless { First => 'Dan', Last => 'Kogai' }, 'DANKOGAI';
  } # You can save an object; just pass a scalar
      tie my $object => 'Tie::Storable', 'object.po';
      $object->{WIFE} =  { First => 'Naomi', Last => 'Kogai' };
      # you can save before you untie like this


Tie::SaveLater make you easy to write a modules that "save later", that is, save on untie.


Today we have a number of serializers that store complex data structures, from Data::Dumper to Storable. If those core modules are not enough, you have YAML and DBI and more via CPAN.

Problem? You have to save AFTER you are done with your data structure. Don't forget to save when you are out of scope just like locking the door before you leave.

But can't you make it so it autosaves as Hotel doors autolocks? That's exactly what this module is for. This module comes with Tie::DataDumper, Tie::Storable, and Tie::YAML so you can make your data structures autosave today!


"SYNOPSIS" illustrates how to implement Tie::Storable in seven lines. Suppose your module is Tie::Them, Your module needs to do the following;

  • assign Tie::SaveLater as your base class

  • call __PACKAGE_->make_subclasses

    That automatically builds Tie::Them::SCALAR, Tie::Them::ARRAY, and Tie::Them::HASH for you.

  • define load() as a class method

    Here is a more descriptive way to define Tie::Storable::load().

       sub load{
         my $class    = shift;
         my $filename = shift;
         return retrieve($filename) 

    First argument is a class name (you don't need that in this case) and the second argument is the filename. It must return a loaded object.

  • define save() as an object method

    Here is a more descriptive way to define Tie::Storable::save().

      sub save{ 
          my $self = shift;
          my $filename = $self->filename;
          return nstore($self, $filename);

    It takes only one argument -- $self. And you can obtain the filename as $self->filename.

    You can also obtain optional arguments that are fed in <tie> as $self->options .

      tie my $obj, 'Tie::Them', 'them.obj', 0666, qw/more options/;

    In the statement above, $self->options returns (0666, 'more', 'options'). This is handy you want to overload FETCH(), STORE() and other tie methods for more minute control.


None by default.


perltie, Tie::Scalar, Tie::Array, Tie::Hash

Tie::Storable, Tie::YAML, Tie::DataDumper


Dan Kogai, <dankogai@cpan.org>


Copyright (C) 2006-2020 by Dan Kogai

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.8 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.