NAME

Web::Microformats2 - Read Microformats2 metadata from HTML or JSON

SYNOPSIS

 use Web::Microformats2;
 use v5.10;

 my $mf2_parser = Web::Microformats2::Parser->new;
 my $mf2_doc    = $mf2_parser->parse( $string_full_of_tasty_html );

 for my $item ( $mf2_doc->all_top_level_items ) {
    # Each $item is a Web::Microformats2::Item object.
    my @types = $item->all_types;
    say "I see an MF2 item with these types set: @types";

    my $name = $item->get_property( 'name' );
    say "The value of the item's 'name' property is: '$name'";
 }

 my $serialized_mf2_doc = $mf2_doc->as_json;

 my $other_mf2_doc = Web::Microformats2::Document->new_from_json(
    $serialized_mf2_doc_from_somewhere_else
 );

DESCRIPTION

The Web::Microformats2 modules provide Perl programs with a way to parse and analyze HTML documents containing Microformats2 metadata. They can pull Microformats2 information from a given HTML document, representing it as a queryable in-memory object. They can also serialize this object as JSON (using the Microformats2 rules for this), or read an already JSON-serialized Microformats2 structure for further analysis.

See "ABOUT MICROFORMATS2", below, for arguments about why this might be interesting to you.

CLASSES

Web::Microformats2::Parser

Parses HTML for Microformats2 metadata. Returns what it finds as a Web::Microformats2::Document object.

Web::Microformats2::Document

Objects are queryable structures of parsed Microformats2 metadata. Each came either fresh from HTML, or re-inflated from its JSON serialization format.

Web::Microformats2::Item

Each document object contains one or more objects of this class. Each item represents a single, "h-"prefixed microformat substructure, defining what we in the Perl world might call some thingy: an article, a person, an invitation, and so on. Each item has some number of properties, and possibly a parent item and a list of child items.

STATUS

These modules provide a reasonably complete implementation of the Microformats2 Living Specification. They pass all of the official MF2 baseline test cases, a copy of which is included with these modules' own test suite.

The author considers this software beta. Its public interface may still change, but not without some effort at supporting its current API.

ABOUT MICROFORMATS2

Microformats2 allows the attachment of semantic metadata to arbitrary HTML elements, in a way that neither hinders the human readability of the underlying HTML document nor strictly prescribes any set vocabulary to this metadata.

For example, an HTML page containing several recent blog entries might use Microformats2 to identify the title, date, and content of each entry, as well as its author. It could furthermore define not just the author's name, but also their contact information, homepage URL, and avatar-graphic. It might even identify some entries as public responses to other articles found elsewhere on the web. Since all this metadata exists quietly within the "class" attributes found within the HTML page's ordinary markup, its presence does not affect or interfere with the web page's rendering or readability to humans.

A Microfomats2 parser can read these special attribute values -- identifiable by their conspicuous use of prefixes, such as "h-entry" and "p-name" -- and turn them into data structures that use this metadata to give additional order, structure, and semantic labeling to the content found within. These data structures can then be passed (usually as JSON strings) to other processors, which can make all sorts of interesting things happen.

Microformats2 is the successor to Microformats. While similar in intent and execution, their implementations are very different. Rather than using the pre-defined vocabularies of its predecessor, Microformats2 uses a relatively simple set of rules that allow for limitless user-definable labels for metadata items and their constituent properties.

For more information about Microformats2, please see http://microformats.org/wiki/microformats2.

SUPPORT

To file issues or submit pull requests, please see this module's repository on GitHub.

The author also welcomes any direct questions about this module via email.

AUTHOR

Jason McIntosh (jmac@jmac.org)

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2018 by Jason McIntosh.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The MIT (X11) License

A PERSONAL REQUEST

My ability to share and maintain free, open-source software like this depends upon my living in a society that allows me the free time and personal liberty to create work benefiting people other than just myself or my immediate family. I recognize that I got a head start on this due to an accident of birth, and I strive to convert some of my unclaimed time and attention into work that, I hope, gives back to society in some small way.

Worryingly, I find myself today living in a country experiencing a profound and unwelcome political upheaval, with its already flawed democracy under grave threat from powerful authoritarian elements. These powers wish to undermine this society, remolding it according to their deeply cynical and strictly zero-sum philosophies, where nobody can gain without someone else losing.

Free and open-source software has no place in such a world. As such, these autocrats' further ascension would have a deleterious effect on my ability to continue working for the public good.

Therefore, if you would like to financially support my work, I would ask you to consider a donation to one of the following causes. It would mean a lot to me if you did. (You can tell me about it if you'd like to, but you don't have to.)