lib::relative - Add paths relative to the current file to @INC
# Path is relative to this file, not current working directory
use lib::relative 'path/to/lib';
use lib::relative '../../lib';
# Add two lib paths, as in lib.pm
use lib::relative 'foo', 'bar';
# Absolute paths are passed through unchanged
use lib::relative 'foo/baz', '/path/to/lib';
# Equivalent code using core modules
use Cwd ();
use File::Basename ();
use File::Spec ();
use lib File::Spec->catdir(File::Basename::dirname(Cwd::abs_path __FILE__), 'path/to/lib');
Adding a path to @INC to load modules from a local directory may seem simple, but has a few common pitfalls to be aware of. Directly adding a relative path to @INC means that any later code that changes the current working directory will change where modules are loaded from. This applies to the . path that used to be in @INC by default until perl 5.26.0, or a relative path added in code like use lib 'path/to/lib', and may be a vulnerability if such a location is not supposed to be writable. Additionally, the commonly used FindBin module relies on interpreter state and the path to the original script invoked by the perl interpreter, sometimes requiring workarounds in uncommon cases like generated or embedded code. This module proposes a more straightforward method: take a path relative to the current file, absolutize it, and add it to @INC.
use lib 'path/to/lib'
If this module is already available to be loaded, it can be used as with lib.pm, passing relative paths, which will be absolutized relative to the current file then passed on to lib. Multiple arguments will be separately absolutized, and absolute paths will be passed on unchanged.
For cases where this module cannot be loaded beforehand, the last section of the "SYNOPSIS" can be copy-pasted into a file to perform the same task.
Due to __FILE__ possibly being a path relative to the current working directory, be sure to use lib::relative or the equivalent code from "SYNOPSIS" as early as possible in the file. If a chdir occurs before this code, it will add the incorrect directory path.
All file paths are expected to be in a format appropriate to the current operating system, e.g. ..\\foo\\bar on Windows. "catdir" in File::Spec can be used to form directory paths portably.
Report any issues on the public bugtracker.
Dan Book <email@example.com>
This software is Copyright (c) 2017 by Dan Book.
This is free software, licensed under:
The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)
lib, FindBin, Dir::Self
To install lib::relative, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.