Bio::Search::BlastUtils - Utility functions for Bio::Search:: BLAST objects
# This module is just a collection of subroutines, not an object.
The BlastUtils.pm module is a collection of subroutines used primarily by Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit objects for some of the additional functionality, such as HSP tiling. Right now, the BlastUtils is just a collection of methods, not an object, and it's tightly coupled to Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit. A goal for the future is to generalize it to work based on the Bio::Search interfaces, then it can work with any objects that implements them.
Steve Chervitz <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Usage : tile_hsps( $sbjct );
: This is called automatically by Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit
: during object construction or
: as needed by methods that rely on having tiled data.
Purpose : Collect statistics about the aligned sequences in a set of HSPs.
: Calculates the following data across all HSPs:
: -- total alignment length
: -- total identical residues
: -- total conserved residues
Returns : n/a
Argument : A Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit object
Throws : n/a
: This method is *strongly* coupled to Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit
: (it accesses BlastHit data members directly).
: TODO: Re-write this to the Bio::Search::Hit::HitI interface.
: This method performs more careful summing of data across
: all HSPs in the Sbjct object. Only HSPs that are in the same strand
: and frame are tiled. Simply summing the data from all HSPs
: in the same strand and frame will overestimate the actual
: length of the alignment if there is overlap between different HSPs
: (often the case).
: The strategy is to tile the HSPs and sum over the
: contigs, collecting data separately from overlapping and
: non-overlapping regions of each HSP. To facilitate this, the
: HSP.pm object now permits extraction of data from sub-sections
: of an HSP.
: Additional useful information is collected from the results
: of the tiling. It is possible that sub-sequences in
: different HSPs will overlap significantly. In this case, it
: is impossible to create a single unambiguous alignment by
: concatenating the HSPs. The ambiguity may indicate the
: presence of multiple, similar domains in one or both of the
: aligned sequences. This ambiguity is recorded using the
: ambiguous_aln() method.
: This method does not attempt to discern biologically
: significant vs. insignificant overlaps. The allowable amount of
: overlap can be set with the overlap() method or with the -OVERLAP
: parameter used when constructing the Blast & Sbjct objects.
: For a given hit, both the query and the sbjct sequences are
: tiled independently.
: -- If only query sequence HSPs overlap,
: this may suggest multiple domains in the sbjct.
: -- If only sbjct sequence HSPs overlap,
: this may suggest multiple domains in the query.
: -- If both query & sbjct sequence HSPs overlap,
: this suggests multiple domains in both.
: -- If neither query & sbjct sequence HSPs overlap,
: this suggests either no multiple domains in either
: sequence OR that both sequences have the same
: distribution of multiple similar domains.
: This method can deal with the special case of when multiple
: HSPs exactly overlap.
: Efficiency concerns:
: Speed will be an issue for sequences with numerous HSPs.
Bugs : Currently, tile_hsps() does not properly account for
: the number of non-tiled but overlapping HSPs, which becomes a problem
: as overlap() grows. Large values overlap() may thus lead to
: incorrect statistics for some hits. For best results, keep overlap()
: below 5 (DEFAULT IS 2). For more about this, see the "HSP Tiling and
: Ambiguous Alignments" section in L<Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit>.
See Also : _adjust_contigs(), Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit
Usage : n/a; called automatically during object construction.
Purpose : Builds HSP contigs for a given BLAST hit.
: Utility method called by _tile_hsps()
Throws : Exceptions propagated from Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHSP::matches()
: for invalid sub-sequence ranges.
Status : Experimental
Comments : This method does not currently support gapped alignments.
: Also, it does not keep track of the number of HSPs that
: overlap within the amount specified by overlap().
: This will lead to significant tracking errors for large
: overlap values.
See Also : tile_hsps(), Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHSP::matches
Usage : &get_exponent( number );
Purpose : Determines the power of 10 exponent of an integer, float,
: or scientific notation number.
Example : &get_exponent("4.0e-206");
Argument : Float, Integer, or scientific notation number
Returns : Integer representing the exponent part of the number (+ or -).
: If argument == 0 (zero), return value is "-999".
Comments : Exponents are rounded up (less negative) if the mantissa is >= 5.
: Exponents are rounded down (more negative) if the mantissa is <= -5.
Usage : @cnums = collapse_nums( @numbers );
Purpose : Collapses a list of numbers into a set of ranges of consecutive terms:
: Useful for condensing long lists of consecutive numbers.
: 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 12 13 14 15 17 18 20 21 22 24 26 30 31 32
: 1-6 10 12-15 17 18 20-22 24 26 30-32
Argument : List of numbers sorted numerically.
Returns : List of numbers mixed with ranges of numbers (see above).
Throws : n/a
See Also : Bio::Search::Hit::BlastHit::seq_inds()
Usage : $boolean = &strip_blast_html( string_ref );
: This method is exported.
Purpose : Removes HTML formatting from a supplied string.
: Attempts to restore the Blast report to enable
: parsing by Bio::SearchIO::blast.pm
Returns : Boolean: true if string was stripped, false if not.
Argument : string_ref = reference to a string containing the whole Blast
: report containing HTML formatting.
Throws : Croaks if the argument is not a scalar reference.
Comments : Based on code originally written by Alex Dong Li
: This method does some Blast-specific stripping
: (adds back a '>' character in front of each HSP
: alignment listing).
: THIS METHOD IS VERY SENSITIVE TO BLAST FORMATTING CHANGES!
: Removal of the HTML tags and accurate reconstitution of the
: non-HTML-formatted report is highly dependent on structure of
: the HTML-formatted version. For example, it assumes that first
: line of each alignment section (HSP listing) starts with a
: <a name=..> anchor tag. This permits the reconstruction of the
: original report in which these lines begin with a ">".
: This is required for parsing.
: If the structure of the Blast report itself is not intended to
: be a standard, the structure of the HTML-formatted version
: is even less so. Therefore, the use of this method to
: reconstitute parsable Blast reports from HTML-format versions
: should be considered a temporary solution.
To install BioPerl, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.