++ed by:
BLHOTSKY

1 PAUSE user
2 non-PAUSE users.

Brad Lhotsky
and 3 contributors

NAME

CLI::Helpers - Subroutines for making simple command line scripts

VERSION

version 1.3

SYNOPSIS

Use this module to make writing intelligent command line scripts easier.

    #!/usr/bin/env perl
    use CLI::Helpers qw(:all);

    output({color=>'green'}, "Hello, World!");
    verbose({indent=>1,color=>'yellow'}, "Shiny, happy people!");
    verbose({level=>2,kv=>1,color=>'red'}, a => 1, b => 2);
    debug_var({ c => 3, d => 4});

    # Data
    output({data=>1}, join(',', qw(a b c d)));

    # Wait for confirmation
    die "ABORTING" unless confirm("Are you sure?");

    # Ask for a number
    my $integer = prompt "Enter an integer:", validate => { "not a number" => sub { /^\d+$/ } }

    # Ask for next move
    my %menu = (
        north => "Go north.",
        south => "Go south.",
    );
    my $dir = prompt "Where to, adventurous explorer?", menu => \%menu;

    # Ask for a favorite animal
    my $favorite = menu("Select your favorite animal:", [qw(dog cat pig fish otter)]);

Running as test.pl:

    $ ./test.pl
    Hello, World!
    a,b,c,d
    $ ./test.pl --verbose
    Hello, World!
      Shiny, Happy people!
    a,b,c,d
    $ ./test.pl -vv
    Hello, World!
      Shiny, Happy people!
      a: 1
      b: 2
    a,b,c,d
    $ ./test.pl --debug
    Hello, World!
      Shiny, Happy people!
      a: 1
      b: 2
    ---
    c: 3
    d: 4
    a,b,c,d

    $ ./test.pl --data-file=output.csv
    Hello, World!
    a,b,c,d
    $ cat output.csv
    a,b,c,d

Colors would be automatically enabled based on the user's ~/.gitconfig

OVERVIEW

This module provides a libray of useful functions for constructing simple command line interfaces. It is able to extract information from the environment and your ~/.gitconfig to display data in a reasonable manner.

Using this module adds argument parsing using Getopt::Long to your script. It enables passthrough, so you can still use your own argument parsing routines or Getopt::Long in your script.

FUNCTIONS

def

Not exported by default, returns the setting defined.

git_color_check

Not exported by default. Returns 1 if git is configured to output using color of 0 if color is not enabled.

colorize( $color => 'message to be output' )

Not exported by default. Checks if color is enabled and applies the specified color to the string.

output( \%opts, @messages )

Exported. Takes an optional hash reference and a list of messages to be output.

verbose( \%opts, @messages )

Exported. Takes an optional hash reference of formatting options. Automatically overrides the level paramter to 1 if it's not set.

debug( \%opts, @messages )

Exported. Takes an optional hash reference of formatting options. Does not output anything unless DEBUG is set.

debug_var( \%opts, \%Variable )

Exported. Takes an optional hash reference of formatting options. Does not output anything unless DEBUG is set.

override( variable => 1 )

Exported. Allows a block of code to override the debug or verbose level. This can be used during development to enable/disable the DEBUG/VERBOSE settings.

confirm("prompt")

Exported. Creates a Yes/No Prompt which accepts y/n or yes/no case insensitively but requires one or the other.

Returns 1 for 'yes' and 0 for 'no'

text_input("prompt", validate => { "too short" => sub { length $_ > 10 } })

Exported. Provides a prompt to the user for input. If validate is passed, it should be a hash reference containing keys of error messages and values which are subroutines to validate the input available as $_. If a validator fails, it's error message will be displayed, and the user will be reprompted.

Valid options are:

default

Any string which will be used as the default value if the user just presses enter.

validate

A hashref, keys are error messages, values are sub routines that return true when the value meets the criteria.

noecho

Set as a key with any value and the prompt will turn off echoing responses as well as disabling all ReadLine magic. See also pwprompt.

Returns the text that has passed all validators.

Exported. Used to create a menu of options from a list. Can be either a hash or array reference as the second argument. In the case of a hash reference, the values will be displayed as options while the selected key is returned. In the case of an array reference, each element in the list is displayed the selected element will be returned.

Returns selected element (HashRef -> Key, ArrayRef -> The Element)

pwprompt("Prompt", options )

Exported. Synonym for text_input("Password: ", noecho => 1); Also requires the password to be longer than 0 characters.

prompt("Prompt", options )

Exported. Wrapper function with rudimentary mimickery of IO::Prompt(er). Uses:

    # Mapping back to confirm();
    my $value = prompt "Are you sure?", yn => 1;

    # Mapping back to text_input();
    my $value = prompt "Enter something:";

    # With Validator
    my $value = prompt "Enter an integer:", validate => { "not a number" => sub { /^\d+$/ } }

    # Pass to menu();
    my $value = prompt "Select your favorite animal:", menu => [qw(dog cat pig fish otter)];

    # If you request a password, autodisable echo:
    my $passwd = prompt "Password: ";  # sets noecho => 1, disables ReadLine history.

See also: text_input

EXPORT

This module uses Sub::Exporter for flexible imports, the defaults provided by :all are as follows.

Exported Functions

    output  ( \%options, @messages )
    verbose ( \%options, @messages )
    debug   ( \%options, @messages )
    debug_var ( \$var )
    override( option => $value )

    menu       ( "Question", \%Options or \@Options )
    text_input ( "Question", validate => { "error message" => sub { length $_[0] } } )
    confirm    ( "Question" )

    prompt()    Wrapper which mimicks IO::Prompt a bit
    pwprompt()  Wrapper to get sensitive data

ARGS

From CLI::Helpers:

    --data-file         Path to a file to write lines tagged with 'data => 1'
    --color             Boolean, enable/disable color, default use git settings
    --verbose           Incremental, increase verbosity (Alias is -v)
    --debug             Show developer output
    --debug-class       Show debug messages originating from a specific package, default: main
    --quiet             Show no output (for cron)
    --syslog            Generate messages to syslog as well
    --syslog-facility   Default "local0"
    --syslog-tag        The program name, default is the script name
    --syslog-debug      Enable debug messages to syslog if in use, default false

OUTPUT OPTIONS

Every output function takes an optional HASH reference containing options for that output. The hash may contain the following options:

sticky

Any lines tagged with 'sticky' will be replayed at the end program's end. This is to allow a developer to ensure message are seen at the termination of the program.

color

String. Using Term::ANSIColor for output, use the color designated, ie:

    red,blue,green,yellow,cyan,magenta,white,black, etc..
level

Integer. For verbose output, this is basically the number of -v's necessary to see this output.

syslog_level

String. Can be any valid syslog_level as a string: debug, info, notice, warning, err, crit, alert, emerg.

no_syslog

Bool. Even if the user specifies --syslog, these lines will not go to the syslog destination. alert, emerg.

IMPORTANT

Bool. Even if --quiet is specified, output this message. Use sparringly, and yes, it is case sensitive. You need to yell at it for it to yell at your users.

stderr

Bool. Use STDERR for this message instead of STDOUT. The advantage to using this is the "quiet" option will silence these messages as well.

indent

Integer. This will indent by 2 times the specified integer the next string. Useful for creating nested output in a script.

clear

Integer. The number of newlines before this output.

kv

Bool. The array of messsages is actually a key/value pair, this implements special coloring and expects the number of messages to be even.

    output(qw(a 1 b 2));
    # a
    # 1
    # b
    # 2

Using kv, the output will look like this:

    output({kv=>1}, qw(a 1 b 2));
    # a: 1
    # b: 2
    #
data

Bool. Lines tagged with "data => 1" will be output to the data-file if a user specifies it. This allows you to provide header/footers and inline context for the main CLI, but output just the data to a file for piping elsewhere.

AUTHOR

Brad Lhotsky <brad@divisionbyzero.net>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2017 by Brad Lhotsky.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The (three-clause) BSD License

CONTRIBUTORS

  • Kang-min Liu <gugod@gugod.org>

  • Kevin M. Goess <kgoess@craigslist.org>

  • Mohammad S Anwar <mohammad.anwar@yahoo.com>

SUPPORT

Websites

The following websites have more information about this module, and may be of help to you. As always, in addition to those websites please use your favorite search engine to discover more resources.

Source Code

This module's source code is available by visiting: https://github.com/reyjrar/CLI-Helpers