++ed by:
DOHERTY DROLSKY

2 PAUSE user(s)
1 non-PAUSE user(s).

Dave Rolsky

NAME

Courriel::Builder - Build emails with sugar

VERSION

version 0.35

SYNOPSIS

    use Courriel::Builder;

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        header( 'X-Generator' => 'MyApp' ),
        plain_body($plain_text),
        html_body(
            $html,
            attach('path/to/image.jpg'),
            attach('path/to/other-image.jpg'),
        ),
        attach('path/to/spreadsheet.xls'),
        attach($file_content),
    );

DESCRIPTION

This module provides some sugar syntax for emails of all shapes sizes, from simple emails with a plain text body to emails with both plain and html bodies, html with attached images, etc.

API

This module exports all of the following functions by default. It uses Sub::Exporter under the hood, which means you can easily import the functions with different names. See Sub::Exporter for details.

build_email( ... )

This function returns a new Courriel object. It takes the results of all the other functions you call as input.

It expects you to pass in a body of some sort, whether text, html, or both, and will throw an error if you don't.

It will add Date and Message-ID headers to your email if you don't provide them, ensuring that the email is RFC-compliant.

subject($subject)

This sets the subject of the email. It expects a single string. You can pass an empty string, but not undef.

from($from)

This sets the From header of the email. It expects a single string or Email::Address object.

to($from)

This sets the To header of the email. It expects a list of string and/or Email::Address objects.

cc($from)

This sets the Cc header of the email. It expects a list of string and/or Email::Address objects.

header( $name => $value )

This sets a header's value. You can call it as many times as you want, and you can call it more than once with the same header name to set multiple values for that header.

plain_body( ... )

This defines a plain text body for the email. You can call it with a single argument, a scalar or reference to a scalar. This creates a text/plain part based on the content you provide in that argument. By default, the charset for the body is UTF-8 and the encoding is base64.

You can also call this function with a hash of options. It accepts the following options:

  • content

    The content of the body. This can be a string or scalar reference.

  • charset

    The charset for the body. This defaults to UTF-8.

  • encoding

    The encoding for the body. This defaults to base64. Other valid values are quoted-printable, 7bit, and 8bit.

    It is strongly recommended that you let Courriel handle the transfer encoding for you.

html_body( ... )

This accepts the same arguments as the plain_body() function.

You can also pass in the results of one or more calls to the attach() function. If you pass in attachments, it creates a multipart/related email part, which lets you refer to images by the Content-ID using the "cid:" URL scheme.

attach( ... )

This function creates an attachment for the email. In the simplest form, you can pass it a single argument, which should be a path to a file on disk. This file will be attached to the email.

You can also pass a hash of options. The valid keys are:

  • file

    The file to attach to the email. You can also pass the content explicitly.

  • content

    The content of the attachment. This can be a string or scalar reference.

  • filename

    You can set the filename that will be used in the attachment's Content-Disposition header. If you pass a file parameter, that will be used when this isn't provided. If you pass as content parameter, then there will be no filename set for the attachment unless you pass a filename parameter as well.

  • mime_type

    You can explicitly set the mime type for the attachment. If you don't, this function will use File::LibMagic to try to figure out the mime type for the attachment.

  • content_id

    This will set the Content-ID header for the attachment. If you're creating a HTML body with "cid:" scheme URLs, you'll need to set this for each attachment that the HTML body refers to.

    The id will be wrapped in angle brackets ("<id-goes-here>") when set as a header.

COOKBOOK

Some examples of how to build different types of emails.

Simple Email With Plain Text Body

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        plain_body($plain_text),
    );

This creates an email with a single text/plain part.

Simple Email With HTML Body

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        html_body($html_text),
    );

This creates an email with a single text/html part.

Email With Both Plain and HTML Bodies

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        plain_body($plain_text),
        html_body($html_text),
    );

This creates an email with this structure:

    multipart/alternative
      |
      |-- text/plain (disposition = inline)
      |-- text/html  (disposition = inline)

Email With Both Plain and HTML Bodies and Inline Images

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        plain_body($plain_text),
        html_body(
            $html_text,
            attach(
                file       => 'path/to/image1.jpg',
                content_id => 'image1',
            ),
            attach(
                file       => 'path/to/image2.jpg',
                content_id => 'image2',
            ),
        ),
    );

This creates an email with this structure:

    multipart/alternative
      |
      |-- text/plain (disposition = inline)
      |-- multipart/related
            |
            |-- text/html  (disposition = inline)
            |-- image/jpeg (disposition = attachment, Content-ID = image1)
            |-- image/jpeg (disposition = attachment, Content-ID = image2)

Email With Both Plain and HTML Bodies and Attachments

    my $email = build_email(
        subject('An email for you'),
        from('joe@example.com'),
        to( 'jane@example.com', 'alice@example.com' ),
        plain_body($plain_text),
        html_body(
            $html_text,
        ),
        attach('path/to/spreadsheet.xls'),
        attach( content => \$png_image_content ),
    );

This creates an email with this structure:

    multipart/mixed
      |
      |-- multipart/alternative
      |     |
      |     |-- text/plain (disposition = inline)
      |     |-- text/html  (disposition = inline)
      |
      |-- application/vnd.ms-excel (disposition = attachment)
      |-- image/png                (disposition = attachment)

AUTHOR

Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>

CONTRIBUTOR

Zbigniew Łukasiak <zzbbyy@gmail.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2014 by Dave Rolsky.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)



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