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Date::Holidays - Date::Holidays::* adapter and aggregator for all your holiday needs


The documentation describes version 1.35 of Date::Holidays


  • Exposes a uniform interface towards modules in the Date::Holidays::* namespace

  • Inquire whether a certain date is a holiday in a specific country or a set of countries

  • Inquire for a holidays for a given year for a specific country or a set of countries

  • Overwrite/rename/suppress national holidays with your own calendar


    use Date::Holidays;

    # Initialize a national holidays using the ISO 3361 country code
    my $dh = Date::Holidays->new(
        countrycode => 'dk'

    # Inquire and get a local name for a holiday if it is a national holiday
    my $holidayname = $dh->is_holiday(
        year  => 2004,
        month => 12,
        day   => 25

    # Inquire and get a set of local names for national holiday in a given country
    my $hashref = $dh->holidays(
        year => 2004

    # Inquire and get local names for a set of countries, where the specific date is a
    # national holiday
    $holidays_hashref = Date::Holidays->is_holiday(
        year      => 2004,
        month     => 12,
        day       => 25,
        countries => ['se', 'dk', 'no'],

    foreach my $country (keys %{$holidays_hashref}) {
        print $holidays_hashref->{$country}."\n";

    # Example of a module with additional parameters
    # Australia is divided into states with local holidays
    # using ISO-3166-2 codes
    my $dh = Date::Holidays->new(
        countrycode => 'au'

    $holidayname = $dh->is_holiday(
        year  => 2004,
        month => 12,
        day   => 25,
        state => 'TAS',

    $hashref = $dh->holidays(
        year => 2004
        state => 'TAS',

    # Another example of a module with additional parameters
    # Great Britain is divided into regions with local holidays
    # using ISO-3166-2 codes
    my $dh = Date::Holidays->new(
        countrycode => 'gb'

    $holidayname = $dh->is_holiday(
        year    => 2014,
        month   => 12,
        day     => 25,
        regions => ['EAW'],

    $hashref = $dh->holidays(
        year    => 2014
        regions => ['EAW'],


Date::Holidays is an adapters exposing a uniform API to a set of distributions in the Date::Holidays::* namespace. All of these modules deliver methods and information on national calendars, but no standardized API exist.

The distributions more or less follow a de facto standard (see: also the generic adapter Date::Holidays::Adapter), but the adapters are implemented to uniform this and Date::Holidays exposes a more readable API and at the same time it provides an OO interface, to these diverse implementations, which primarily holds a are procedural.

As described below it is recommended that a certain API is implemented (SEE: holidays and is_holiday below), but taking the adapter strategy into consideration this does not matter, or we attempt to do what we can with what is available on CPAN.

If you are an module author/CPAN contributor who wants to comply to the suggested, either look at some of the other modules in the Date::Holidays::* namespace to get an idea of the de facto standard or have a look at Date::Holidays::Abstract and Date::Holidays::Super - or write me.

In addition to the adapter feature, Date::Holidays also do aggregation, so you can combine calendars and you can overwrite and redefined existing calendars.


As mentioned in the FEATURES section it is possible to create your own local calendar.

This can be done using a JSON file with your local definitions:

        "1501" : "jonasbn's birthday"

This also mean you can overwrite your national calendar:

        "1225" : ""

You can specify either month plus day for a recurring holiday. If you you want to define a holiday for a specific year, simply extend the date with year:

        "201.1625" : ""

In order for the calendar to be picked up by Date::Holidays, set the environment variable:


This should point to the JSON file.



This is the constructor. It takes the following parameters:

countrycode (MANDATORY, see below), unique two letter code representing a country name. Please refer to ISO3166 (or Locale::Country)
nocheck (optional), if set to true the countrycode specified will not be validated against a list of known country codes for existence, so you can build fake holidays for fake countries, I currently use this for test. This parameter might disappear in the future.

The constructor loads the module from Date::Holidays::*, which matches the country code and returns a Date::Holidays module with the specified module loaded and ready to answer to any of the following methods described below, if these are implemented - of course.

If no countrycode is provided or the class is not able to load a module, nothing is returned.

    my $dh = Date::Holidays->new(countrycode => 'dk')
        or die "No holidays this year, get back to work!\n";


This is a wrapper around the loaded module's holidays method if this is implemented. If this method is not implemented it tries <countrycode>_holidays.

Takes 3 optional named arguments:

  • year, four digit parameter representing year

  • state, ISO-3166-2 code for a state

    Not all countries support this parameter

  • regions, pointing to a reference to an array of ISO-3166-2 code for regions

    Not all countries support this parameter

    $hashref = $dh->holidays(year => 2007);


This method is similar to holidays. It takes one named argument b<year>.

The result is a hashref just as for holidays, but instead the names of the holidays are used as keys and the values are DateTime objects.


This is yet another wrapper around the loaded module's is_holiday method if this is implemented. Also if this method is not implemented it tries is_<countrycode>_holiday.

Takes 6 optional named arguments:

  • year, four digit parameter representing year

  • month, 1-12, representing month

  • day, 1-31, representing day

  • countries (OPTIONAL), a list of ISO3166 country codes

  • state, ISO-3166-2 code for a state. Not all countries support this parameter

  • regions, pointing to a reference to an array of ISO-3166-2 code for regions. Not all countries support this parameter

is_holiday returns the name of a holiday is present in the country specified by the country code provided to the Date::Holidays constructor.

    $name = $dh->is_holiday(year => 2007, day => 24, month => 12);

If this method is called using the class name Date::Holidays, all known countries are tested for a holiday on the specified date, unless the countries parameter specifies a subset of countries to test.

    $hashref = Date::Holidays->is_holiday(year => 2007, day => 24, month => 12);

In the case where a set of countries are tested the return value from the method is a hashref with the country codes as keys and the values as the result.

undef if the country has no module or the data could not be obtained
a name of the holiday if a holiday is present
an empty string if the a module was located but the day is not a holiday


This method is similar to is_holiday, but instead of 3 separate arguments it only takes a single argument, a DateTime object.

Return 1 for true if the object is a holiday and 0 for false if not.


There is no control of the Date::Holidays::* namespace at all, so I am by no means an authority, but this is recommendations on order to make the modules in the Date::Holidays more uniform and thereby more usable.

If you want to participate in the effort to make the Date::Holidays::* namespace even more usable, feel free to do so, your feedback and suggestions will be more than welcome.

If you want to add your country to the Date::Holidays::* namespace, please feel free to do so. If a module for you country is already present, I am sure the author would not mind patches, suggestions or even help.

If however you country does not seem to be represented in the namespace, you are more than welcome to become the author of the module in question.

Please note that the country code is expected to be a two letter code based on ISO3166 (or Locale::Country).

As an experiment I have added two modules to the namespace, Date::Holidays::Abstract and Date::Holidays::Super, abstract is attempt to make sure that the module implements some, by me, expected methods.

So by using abstract your module will not work until it follows the the abstract laid out for a Date::Holidays::* module. Unfortunately the module will only check for the presence of the methods not their prototypes.

Date::Holidays::Super is for the lazy programmer, it implements the necessary methods as stubs and there for do not have to implement anything, but your module will not return anything of value. So the methods need to be overwritten in order to comply with the expected output of a Date::Holidays::* method.

The methods which are currently interesting in a Date::Holidays::* module are:


Takes 3 arguments: year, month, day and returns the name of the holiday as a scalar in the national language of the module context in question. Returns undef if the requested day is not a holiday.

    Modified example taken from: L<Date::Holidays::DK|>

    use Date::Holidays::DK;
    my ($year, $month, $day) = (localtime)[ 5, 4, 3 ];

    $year  += 1900;
    $month += 1;
    print "Woohoo" if is_holiday( $year, $month, $day );

    #The actual method might not be implemented at this time in the
    #example module.

Same as above.

This method however should be a wrapper of the above method (or the other way around).


Takes 1 argument: year and returns a hashref containing all of the holidays in specified for the country, in the national language of the module context in question.

The keys are the dates, month + day in two digits each concatenated.

    Modified example taken from: L<Date::Holidays::PT|>

    my $h = holidays($year);
    printf "Jan. 1st is named '%s'\n", $h->{'0101'};

    #The actual method might not be implemented at this time in the
    #example module.

This method however should be a wrapper of the above method (or the other way around).

Only is_holiday and holidays are implemented in Date::Holidays::Super and are required by Date::Holidays::Abstract.


Some countries are divided into regions or similar and might require additional parameters in order to give more exact holiday data.

This is handled by adding additional parameters to is_holiday and holidays.

These parameters are left to the module authors discretion and the actual Date::Holidays::* module should be consulted.

    Example Date::Holidays::AU

    use Date::Holidays::AU qw( is_holiday );

    my ($year, $month, $day) = (localtime)[ 5, 4, 3 ];
    $year  += 1900;
    $month += 1;

    my ($state) = 'VIC';
    print "Excellent\n" if is_holiday( $year, $month, $day, $state );


If you want to contribute with an adapter, please refer to the documentation in Date::Holidays::Adapter.


Date::Holidays is distributed and maintained using Dist::Zilla


The test suite can be executed using

    $ dzil test

The test suite, which attempts lots scenarios does emit a lot of warnings, so it is recommended to suppress STDERR by redirecting it to /dev/null

    $ dzil test 2> /dev/null

To enable author tests aimed at asserting distribution and code quality in addition to functionality, use the --author flag

    $ dzil test --author 2> /dev/null

If you are working on a release, use the --release flag

    $ dzil test --release 2> /dev/null

The release flag is implicit for the Dist::Zilla release command.


  • No country code specified

    No country code has been specified.

  • Unable to initialize Date::Holidays for country: <countrycode>

    This message is emitted if a given country code cannot be loaded.


As mentioned in the section on defining your own calendar. You have to set the environment variable:


This environment variable should point to a JSON file containing holiday definitions to be used by Date::Holidays::Adapter::Local.



Please see the cpanfile included in the distribution for a complete listing.


Currently the following CPAN Date::Holidays distributions are unsupported:

Additional issues might be described the specific adapter classes or their respective adaptees.


Currently we have an exception for the Date::Holidays::AU module, so the additional parameter of state is defaulting to 'VIC', please refer to the POD for Date::Holidays::AU for documentation on this.

Date::Holidays::DE and Date::Holidays::UK does not implement the holidays methods

The adaptee module for Date::Holidays::Adapter::JP is named: Date::Japanese::Holiday, but the adapter class is following the general adapter naming of Date::Holidays::Adapter::<countrycode>.

The adapter for Date::Holidays::PT, Date::Holidays::Adapter::PT does not implement the is_pt_holiday method. The pattern used is an object adapter pattern and inheritance is therefor not used, it is my hope that I can make this work with some Perl magic.


Please report any bugs or feature requests using GitHub.


Coverage reports are available via

Without the actual holiday implementations installed/available coverage will be very low.

Please see Task::Date::Holidays, which is a distribution, which can help in installing all the wrapped (adapted and aggregated) distributions.



  • Graham Knopp, @haarg

  • Slaven Rezic, @eserte

  • @qorron for PR patching the US adapter, resulting in 1.30

  • Wesley Schwengle (WATERKIP) author of Date::Holidays::NL and Date::Holidays::AW for reaching out and letting me know of their existence

  • Karen Etheridge (ETHER)

  • Neil Bowers (NEILB)

  • Miquel Ruiz, PR fixing a bug with regions for ES, supporting Data::Holidays::CA_ES resulting in 1.22

  • Denis Boyun, PR introducing Date::Holidays::UA resulting in 1.19

  • Mario Minati, for telling me about the states in Date::Holidays::DE resulting in 1.17

  • Vladimir Varlamov, PR introducing Date::Holidays::KZ resulting in 1.07

  • CHORNY (Alexandr Ciornii), Github issue #10, letting me know I included local/ by accident, resulting in release 1.05

  • Vladimir Varlamov, PR introducing Date::Holidays::BY resulting in 1.04

  • Joseph M. Orost, bug report resulting in 1.03

  • Alexander Nalobin, patch for using of Date::Holidays::RU, 1.01

  • Gabor Szabo, patch assisting META data generation

  • Florian Merges for feedback and pointing out a bug in Date::Holidays, author of Date::Holidays::ES

  • COG (Jose Castro), Date::Holidays::PT author

  • RJBS (Ricardo Signes), POD formatting

  • MRAMBERG (Marcus Ramberg), Date::Holidays::NO author

  • BORUP (Christian Borup), DateTime suggestions

  • LTHEGLER (Lars Thegler), Date::Holidays::DK author

  • shild on, CPAN tester

  • CPAN testers in general, their work is invaluable

  • All of the authors/contributors of Date::Holidays::* modules


Jonas B., (jonasbn) - <>


Date-Holidays and related modules are (C) by Jonas B., (jonasbn) 2004-2024

Date-Holidays and related modules are released under the Artistic License 2.0

Image used on website is under copyright by Tim Mossholder