++ed by:
ZAKAME OALDERS SHARYANTO PERLANCAR STAUGAARD

16 PAUSE users
9 non-PAUSE users.

Shoichi Kaji
and 2 contributors

NAME

App::cpm::Tutorial - How to use cpm

SYNOPSIS

  $ cpm install Module

DESCRIPTION

cpm is yet another CPAN client (like cpan, cpanp, and cpanm), which is fast!

How to install cpm

From CPAN:

  $ cpanm -nq App::cpm

Or, download a self-contained cpm:

  $ curl -sL --compressed https://git.io/cpm > cpm
  $ chmod +x cpm
  $ ./cpm --version

  # you can even install modules without installing cpm
  $ curl -sL --compressed https://git.io/cpm | perl - install Plack

First step

  $ cpm install Plack

This command installs Plack into ./local, and you can use it by

  $ perl -I$PWD/local/lib/perl5 -MPlack -E 'say Plack->VERSION'

If you want to install modules into current INC instead of ./local, then use --global/-g option.

  $ cpm install --global Plack

By default, cpm outputs only DONE install Module things. If you want more verbose messages, use --verbose/-v option.

  $ cpm install --verbose Plack

Second step

cpm can handle version range notation like cpanm. Let's see some examples.

  $ cpm install Plack~'> 1.000, <= 2.000'
  $ cpm install Plack~'== 1.0030'
  $ cpm install Plack@1.0030  # this is an alias of ~'== 1.0030'

cpm can install dev releases (TRIAL releases).

  $ cpm install Moose@dev

  # if you prefer dev releases for not only Moose,
  # but also its dependencies, then use global --dev option
  $ cpm install --dev Moose

And cpm can install modules from git repositories directly.

  $ cpm install git://github.com/skaji/Carl.git

cpanfile and experimental git/dist syntax

If you omit arguments, and there exists cpanfile in the current directory, then cpm loads modules from cpanfile, and install them

  $ cat cpanfile
  requires 'Moose', '2.000';
  requires 'Plack', '> 1.000, <= 2.000';
  $ cpm install

Moreover if you have cpanfile.snapshot, then cpm tries to resolve distribution names from it

  $ cpm install -v
  30186 DONE resolve (0.001sec) Plack -> Plack-1.0030 (from Snapshot)
  ...

This is an experimental and fun part! cpm supports git/dist syntax in cpanfile.

  $ cat cpanfile
  requires 'Carl', git => 'git://github.com/skaji/Carl.git';
  requires 'Perl::PrereqDistributionGatherer',
    git => 'https://github.com/skaji/Perl-PrereqDistributionGatherer',
    ref => '3850305'; # ref can be revision/branch/tag

Please note that to support git/dist syntax in cpanfile wholly, there are several TODOs.

Darkpan integration

There are CPAN modules that create darkpans (minicpan, CPAN mirror) such as CPAN::Mini, OrePAN2, Pinto.

Such darkpans store distribution tarballs in

  DARKPAN/authors/id/A/AU/AUTHOR/Module-0.01.tar.gz

and create the de facto standard index file 02packages.details.txt.gz in

  DARKPAN/modules/02packages.details.txt.gz

If you want to use cpm against such darkpans, change the cpm resolver by --resolver/-r option:

  $ cpm install --resolver 02packages,http://example.com/darkpan Module
  $ cpm install --resolver 02packages,file::///path/to/darkpan   Module

Sometimes, your darkpan is not whole CPAN mirror, but partial, so some modules are missing in it. Then append --resolver metadb option to fall back to normal MetaDB resolver:

  $ cpm install \
     --resolver 02packages,http://example.com/darkpan \
     --resolver metadb \
     Module